All children need a safe place to be after school with caring, responsible adults and engaging activities that connect each child to his/her school, family and community. One method to provide this is through an after school program. After school programs are any organized program which invites youth to participat after the traditional school day. Some programs are run by a primary school and some by externally funded non-profit or commercial organizations, such as a YMCA, Boys and Girls Club or even a faith-based program organized by a church. These after-school youth programs can occur inside a school building or elsewhere in the community, for instance at a community center, library, or church. After school programs are for children that are school age mainly focusing on the range of five years old to early teenagers. These programs take place in the afternoons of school days, thereby helping parents with childcare before they finish work.
Several factors energized the after-school movement. Parents demanded help in caring for their children during the period between the end of school and the time when parents arrived home from work. These demands grew as increasing numbers of caregivers entered the workforce, and large numbers of youth were left without adult supervision during the after-school hours. According to Apsler (2009), an estimated eight million children that are between the ages of 5 and 14 were often unsupervised after school. Current estimates that over two-thirds of school-age children did not have parental supervision after school.
According to Apsler (2009), this type of care requested by many parents reflected growing emphasis on academic performance and accountability, due in part to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. Interest in after-school programs increased markedly following reports that juvenile crime peaked between 2 p.m. and 6 p.m. on school days due to the association between the presence of parental supervision and lower levels of delinquent behavior, substance use, and high-risk sexual behavior
The community projected focused the attention to after school programs available for Jefferson City Public School students in Cole County. All of the programs where open to the public, although all programs had a fee, some had a sliding scale for income sensitive families. These programs are open to all races, genders, and ethnicity.
All programs should have a detailed agenda for daily activities. The first and foremost activity is assistance with homework and studying. Most programs either have certified teachers present for assistance, although some reply on teachers aids to assist the individual with their homework. All programs should provide a nutritional snack for the children. Also offer engaging activities develop values, skills and relationship perhaps a physical activity such as baseball, soccer, basketball or creative time with painting, drawing, and crafts.
According to the Center of Disease Control...