This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

After The Civil War: The New South

1109 words - 4 pages

Was there a New South after the Civil War? What elements marked or did not mark the New South?

After the Civil War, the South was in a state of political turmoil, social chaos, and economic decline. Contrary to popular belief, Northerners did not subject Southerners to unethical or inhumane punishment. The time post Civil War was filled with efforts toward reconstructing the South, yet there is the strong question if there even is a New South. Yes, there was somewhat of a New South economically. No, there was not a New South regarding race relations and social hierarchy. In the 1870’s, the South realized the world still looked at them as the ones who wanted slavery. There was a need to project a new image to the world and to stimulate economic development.

Some say the New South began to emerge when federal troops were removed from the South in 1877 and consistently was being reformed well into the twentieth century. A group of Democratic office holders, the Redeemers, were said to have redeemed the South from federal intervention. These leaders came from middle classes, and the majority of them had served the Confederacy. The Redeemers were interested in increasing economic opportunities for Southerners. The most important person in the years of the Redeemers was a newspaperman—the “Spokesman of the New South—a man by the name of Henry W. Grady. Grady was a strong promoter of a “New South”. He made an apology for defending slavery and spoke about how the South had learned its lesson. There was certainly not a New South immediately; there were changes in the South, but nothing to classify it as having a new attitude.

Economically, the South expanded after the Civil War. There was construction of new railroads, as well as reconstruction on railroads, port, and roads, supported by Federal grant money. The South realized they had a need to expand their economy; they could not rely solely on cotton. Cotton was still a major industry in the South after the Civil War, but iron and tobacco became strong competitors. There was an increase in Southern cotton mills. In 1800, there were one hundred and sixty mills; in 1900, there were over four hundred mills. There were, however, racist hiring practices. Very few blacks acquired jobs. This was justified by mill owners because whites suffered in competition with blacks for agricultural jobs. The counterargument may be that they were not jobs, because the blacks were slaves and not paid. Southerners found large coal and iron ore reserves, and thereby had a tremendous growth in iron and steel mills. Eventually though, these mills became controlled by foreign investors and Northerners around 1900. Tobacco was traditionally grown in the South, but factories for processing were not developed until post Civil War in 1900. Outside capitalists also controlled these industries. The Northerners reconstructed the Southern economy—one that they controlled—but did not change much in the South itself,...

Find Another Essay On After the Civil War: The New South

Reconstruction after the Civil War Essay

1046 words - 5 pages After Reading John Hope Franklin’s Reconstruction after the Civil War I have a completely new outlook on reconstruction. Some may say that this book, regardless of its historical contribution on Reconstruction, which it tries to demolish William Dunning’s myth of white supremacy. It is also has a very serious attempt to be fair and objective about a very controversial period when race, politics and ideology played a very different role

Reconstruction After the Civil War Essay

678 words - 3 pages South wanted to deal with the problems left by the Civil War. Two groups known as Carpetbaggers and Scalawags which whom both were in the Republican party tried to rebuild the southern economy and society. The Wade -Davis bill was a proposition by two Radical Republicans, Benjamin Wade and Henry Winter Davis. The bill in contrast to Lincolns more lenient ten percent plan, this plan contained some major Reconstruction demands. The Wade davis bill

Reconstruction After the Civil War

2162 words - 9 pages Presidential Reconstruction and Congressional Reconstruction have some differences and some similarities. Reconstruction was a huge thing at this time in America. Abraham Lincoln was a huge part of reconstruction and when he was assassinated, Andrew Johnson took over his role of President and of reconstructing the south. Abraham Lincoln wanted to fix the intersectional hatred that was caused from the civil war. On December 8, 1863

Reconstruction in America After the Civil War

1002 words - 5 pages the divided America as a nation to reestablish unity in the country. It is evident to see how Blight could see that reconstruction was about meaning and memory because the fact that mass death was involved only prolonged the processes for peace in the United States, and made it difficult for people to forgive and forget what the south had done. However, Hahn evokes the two strong different beliefs even after the war leaves a bitter taste in

Apartheid in Mississippi After the Civil War

673 words - 3 pages As the world lays Nelson “Madiba” Mandela to rest, one cannot help thinking about the oppressive system of Apartheid in South Africa and its American counterpart of segregation in the South. Segregation was America’s Apartheid. Nowhere was it practiced with such harshness as in Mississippi. After the Civil War and the failure of Reconstruction, Mississippi and the other Southern states were allowed to establish Black Codes which restricted

Interpretation of Reconstruction After the Civil War

613 words - 3 pages 1. The Conservatives insisted that the South accept the abolition of slavery, however they proposed few other conditions for the readmission of seceded states. Led by Thaddeus Stevens of Pennsylvania and Senator Charles Sumner of Massachusetts, the Radicals on the other hand urged that the military and civil leaders of the Confederacy be punished. Also that large numbers of Southern whites be disenfranchised as well as the legal rights of former

Radical Republicans After the Civil War

715 words - 3 pages that civil government should only be re-established when half of the male white citizens took an oath of allegiance to the Union. This bill, called the Wade-Davis Bill, was passed on July 2nd, 1864, but Lincoln refused to sign it. Despite their determination in removing the powerful white structure in the South, Radicals believed that those who they defeated should be treated with leniency. Shortly after Andrew Johnson became president, Radical

Freed Blacks rights after the Civil War

576 words - 2 pages Freed Blacks rights after the Civil War During the year of 1865, after the North’s victory in the Civil War, the Republican Party began to pass national legislation in order to secure free blacks’ rights. Through the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments to the constitution, the republicans tried to protect and establish black freedoms. At the same time southern state legislators were passing laws to restrict free blacks’ freedoms. Through the

Tailoring and Clothing After the Civil War

682 words - 3 pages Before the American Civil War, ready-made apparel existed but its variety was limited. Coats, jackets and undergarments were only available in predetermined sizes. Most clothing was made by tailors, by individuals, or by their family members at home. The Civil War was a pivotal event in the historical development of men’s ready-made clothing. At the outset of the Civil War, most uniforms were custom-made in workers’ homes under government

Oppression in America after the Civil War

1302 words - 6 pages denouncing unjust discrimination and prejudice toward the black race. Eugene O'Neill is seen as one of the most influential playwrights in the history of America after the civil war (Steen 342). In his play called "The Emperor Jones" he used Brutus Jones' clothes (the dictator protagonist) to evoke power and respect as O'Neill states: "An underlying strength or will, a hardy, self-reliant confidence in himself that inspires respect"(536). He

How the Civil War Effected South Carolina

889 words - 4 pages The Civil War had a multi-faceted effect on Charleston, South Carolina. As a result of the American Civil War, Charleston’s economy, agriculture, slavery, architecture, and lifestyle forever changed. Charleston, the site of great devastation during and after the American Civil War, took decades to recover. However, Charleston became the most beautiful city in South Carolina. The American Civil War affected Charleston’s agriculture in an

Similar Essays

The "New" South After The Civil War

3902 words - 16 pages , and the Fifteenth Amendment passed on February 3, 1870, which guaranteed black men the right to vote. But the changes in the Southern States hadn't come easy. New state governments were created after the Civil War. After each state elected a governor and a member of the state legislature, and ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, the state was back in the Union again. Although then many former Confederate officers were elected to the Congress

New York City Before, During, And After The Civil War

3067 words - 12 pages New York City Before, During, and After the Civil War In its long and illustrious history, New York City (NYC) has gone through tremendous change. From a small trading post on the tip of Manhattan Island, to the greatest metropolis in the world, NYC has continued to evolve over time. One period in particular that had more degrees of change than many others, was 1860 to 1865. The lives of the residents of the great port city would be

Reconstruction After The Civil War Essay

1094 words - 4 pages allowed the South to pass law after law that gave unfair rights to blacks. One may say that with the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments in place and running, blacks could obtain equal rights, but the real truth was otherwise. Immediately after the war, new southern state legislatures passed black codes, or laws that limited the black's liberties. The black codes could not take away basic civil rights; the blacks could still vote, marry, own land, and

Racism After The Civil War

606 words - 2 pages , especially in the south where slavery had been most abundant. Making equality a realization would not be an easy task. This is because many problems were not perceived before and during the war. The reunification of the country would prove to be harder than expected, and entry into a new lifestyle would be difficult for both the freedmen and their former oppressors. The thirteenth amendment clearly prohibits slavery in the United States. All slaves were