Food security is defined by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations (FAO) as “a condition in which all people, at all times, have physical and economic
access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences
for an active and healthy life.” According to Mustafa Koc’s presentation, food security
should be viewed as both a societal objective as well as a discourse where the need to for
looking at the bigger picture is an evident theme. He explores reasons as to why there is food
insecurity and alludes back to the fact that food is often seen as a commodity, not as a human
right. This rights-based perception of food security relates to that presented in Oxfam’s
Handbook of Development and Relief where it stresses that every human being has the right
to adequate and affordable food, and that both hunger and malnutrition are forms of injustice
that must be eliminated by every possible means. That being said, food security has a direct
link to the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goal (MDG) to eradicate extreme
poverty and hunger. However, producing a sufficient quantity of food to feed our expanding
global population while trying to stabilize our climate system, presents some great challenges.
Food system, as defined by Mustafa Koc in his guest lecture presentation, is a “complex
web of social relations, processes, structures and institutional arrangements that cover human
interaction with nature and with other humans throughout the food cycle from production to
consumption and even further.” Our current global food system is not sustainable. It does not
provide adequate nutrition to everyone worldwide, yet it allows for some populations to
over-consume. Global agriculture must produce more food to feed a growing population
while adapting to climate change, which is an increasing threat to agricultural yields.Food security is among the key issues involving climate change impacts and research suggests the issue is only getting worse. Richard Choularton from the World Food Program stated that, “what is different now from 20 years ago is that far more people are living in places with a higher climate risk; 650 million people now live in arid or semi- arid areas where floods and droughts and price shocks are expected to have the most impact”. In this way, the impacts of climate change on already vulnerable populations in terms of food security are immense. Research from the Mary Robinson Climate Justice Foundation finds that climate change is having a domino effect on food and nutrition security for the world’s poorest and most vulnerable people. Climate change impacts will disproportionately fall on people living in tropical regions, and particularly on the most marginalized population groups. This is the true injustice of climate change: the worse impacts are felt by those who contribute least to causing the problem.
There are four channels by which climate change...