Effect Of Learning: Walker Percy's "The Loss Of The Creature" And Jane Tompkin's "'indian': Textualism, Morality, And Problem Of History."

1961 words - 8 pages

The Effect of LearningTwo authors that were able to develop initiative about the erudition manner were Walker Percy's "The Loss of the Creature" and Jane Tompkin's "'Indian': Textualism, Morality, and Problem of History." Percy believes that learning through media, we cannot clear up the entire concept of material without any doubt. He believes that we perceive the experience as first-hand accounts allowing us to wrap-up the entire concept. Tompkins notices that learning things through frameworks of resources can sometimes make the reader question whether the information that is presented is accurate or not. She notices that the first-hand account could easily cause the distraction and make reader unable to understand the whole concept. Both believe that we all want to find a better way of learning to be able fulfill the true meaning of what we are looking forward to.Jane Tompkins, author of "'Indians': Textualism, Morality, and Problem of History," questions the validity of every history book and most facts that have been written. She first writes her perspective as a small child and her own young understanding of American Indians. In the first part of her essay she speaks about her knowledge of Indians when she was a child and how she decided to investigate their history. Then, in the second part of her essay, she tells us about research she did on Indians. She looked at many sources, such as first or second-hand accounts. She quickly realized that historians have different points of view. As far as she was moving forward in her research, she was really confused as to whom to believe because they have opposite stories. She sometimes became upset because there was no unity among them. Everybody relates the same episode in different ways with contradictory opinions. And finally in her conclusion she explains that she couldn't judge because she didn't know what the facts were. After Tompkins started researching the relationship between the Indians and the Europeans, she reached an "impasse." The difficulty she faced in finding the truth about what happened to the Indians, at the hands of the Europeans, questions the value of what society has been assuming is the truth.In almost every history book she read, different interpretations of the same story were not only different, but completely opposite recordings of history. "In simpler language, it concerns the difference that point of view makes when people are giving accounts of events, whether first or second-hand. The problem is that if all accounts of events are determined through and through by the observer's frame of reference, then one will never know, in any given case, what really happened" (Tompkins 655). Thinking critically about this can lead to the questioning of every thing ever written about history, and to the question of which research to believe and why. After researching the facts of the relationship between the Indians and the Europeans, those facts are not fairly represented....

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