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Effects Of Exporation Essay

956 words - 4 pages

Exploration always has negative effects on those being explored. Two major periods of exploration were very close to each other and they involved the exploration of the Americas and Africa's. Consequences of exploration in the Americas included constant battles over gold, slavery, and entire populations being wiped out from foreign disease. The consequences of exploration in Africa included families and villages suffering loss due to slavery, harsh conditions on voyage to America, hard labor for little to no pay, harsh treatment from owners.
The age of exploration started with one Spanish man by the name of Christopher Columbus from 1460-1521. He stormed the Americas claiming lands in the name of Spain, God, and gold. Columbus when first exploring reached the Americas thinking he had hit the East Indies. Instead he reached a Caribbean island and named the natives Indians. These ‘Indians’ were defenseless against everything the Europeans brought because everything they brought was bigger and better than what the Natives had. Although the Spanish Crown had instructed to use diplomacy before force the explorers and their armies were very aggressive. Occasionally the Europeans had brought big dogs with them to fight off any unfriendly Indians. “Native villages were plundered, women raped, and people taken into slavery. One tactic was to lure the tribal chief into the Spanish council and hold him hostage until their demands were met.”(Gale) These tactics often would the explorers up in situations where they were at war with the Natives. This almost ensured that exploration of the Americas was going to have negative effects.
The Americas were the first to be explored. The biggest factor to why exploration had negative effects was what is called the ‘hidden enemy’, disease. The Native Americans had no immunity to diseases that the European explorers and colonists brought. These diseases include small pox, influenza, measles, and chicken pox, they all proved to be deadly to the native people. These diseases had the ability to spread either through direct contact with Europeans or trade with them, either way entire villages would perish in a short period of time. An english man by the name of Thomas Harriot explained the effects of these diseases; “Within a few days after our departure from every such [Indian] town, the people began to die very fast, and many in short space; in some towns about twenty, in some forty, in some sixty, & in one six score [6 x 20 = 120], which in truth was very many in respect of their numbers. . . . The disease was also so strange that they neither knew what it was nor how to cure it.” (Harriot). Not only had the diseases wiped out 90% of all Indians but later they could not be used for major slavery because there weren't enough of them. This did not stop the Europeans though, they still needed workers to...

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