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Effects Of Over Population Essay

1473 words - 6 pages

The world as we know it is slowly being depleted of its natural resources. Habitats are being destroyed, and wildlife animals are facing extinction, these are just a few of the effects of over population. Over population not only affects nature and the planet but the human way of life. Imagine a world where the water is polluted, the soil produces no crop and the air is so toxic that we can’t breathe; this is where the world is heading. Due to the fast growth of people, humanity itself faces great danger. There are solutions to over population such as Family planning and sexual education.
According to the Center for Biological Diversity, “Today’s global human population is over 7 billion. Every day, the planet sees a net gain of roughly 250,000 people” (3). That’s a substantial number considering that that number is more than twice of the population in the 1900s. As our numbers continue to increase the amount of resources needed for survival are decreased because the resources get used faster than they can be replaced. Joseph R. Simonetta states, “We are depleting our natural resources: our forests, fisheries, range lands, croplands, and plant and animal species. We are destroying the biological diversity on which evolution thrives (this is being called the sixth great wave of extinction in the history of life on earth, different from the others in that it is caused not by external events, but by us)” (Seven words that can change our world, 6).
Deforestation is one of the big problems we face.” During the 1990's, the average area of tropical forest cleared each year was equivalent to half the area of England” (Environmental Impacts from Unsustainable Population Growth, 2). Since many people use wood for heating and cooking more and more resources are needed. Forest are being destroyed and depleted for resources to build goods and product. “The loss of these forests leads to extinction of plants and animals. These plants could contain cures for diseases that will never be found” (Overpopulation in Africa, 3). One example to learn from is the events that occurred in Easter Island where the inhabitant where nearly wiped out when the population exceeded the available resources. “Because of deforestation, the islanders lacked the resources necessary to make ropes and seaworthy canoes…. Deforestation also led to erosion, which made it difficult to grow crops. Without adequate food, the population crashed. A rich and complex society that erected now-iconic stone monuments was reduced to living in caves and resorted to cannibalism” (Human Overpopulation, 9).
Water is one of the most important necessities of life, yet we find that water is one of the main resources endangered. Due to our numbers growing exponentially we find that many nations are left with little to no viable water. As the population grows so does the amount of waste we produced. “Every year more than 1.2 trillion gallons of untreated sewage, storm water and industrial waste are...

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