This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Aftermath Of Military Rule In Latin America: A Case Of Brazil And Argentina

1807 words - 8 pages

Democratic governments of the Southern Cone of Latin America have dealt with the human rights abuses committed under military rule by protecting those involved form prosecution with amnesty laws, acknowledging the crimes committed on victims of torture by establishing truth commissions, compensating families of victims, and in some instance eventually repealing the amnesty laws to bring about justice. The Brazilian and Argentinian government have taken different approaches in confronting their authoritarian past. As of present the Argentinian government has been able to prosecute hundreds of military and security officers charged with torture and murder as a result of the role of human agency and state consolidation of the Military of Argentina. In Brazil such justice has been improbable due to the threat of military intervention and resistance as it holds a greater autonomy from the state. Instead, truth commissions were established earlier this year, but even that has proven to be a protracted process with great military resistance and has yet to establish commissioners. Argentina’s direct control of the military and swift action of its democratic leaders have made prosecution of its military elite probable compared to Brazil which still holds concern about the military’s role in domestic politics.
History of military dictatorship in Brazil and Argentina
A campaign of political repression and terror referred to as Operation Condor was implemented by right winged dictatorships in the Southern Cone of Latin America in 1975 to eradicate communist ideas and suppress opposition movements against the current government. The United States provided technical support and military aid during this time as they shared the idea that communism posed a threat to existing order and for this matter were engaged in the Cold War with the Soviet Union.
In Brazil the military joined right-winged activists in overthrowing democratically elected President João Goulart a moderate socialist who was seem as openly sympathetic to the communist cause and was creating an environment in which they could thrive. It appeared that President Goulart was creating the conditions for a class wide peasant alliance that could threaten the elitist economic order. In a bloodless coup in March of 1964, Goulart fled into exile and the military took over establishing a dictatorship that would last till 1985. The Brazilian military government would be notoriously known for providing a model to other military regimes in Latin America, systemizing the Doctrine of National Security to justify the suspension of civil and political liberties and terminating political democracy as working in the interest of national security. The ideology defined the primary mission of the military as protecting the country form a pervasive communist threat located within its own borders.
Similarly, in Argentina democratically elected President Juan Peron was a popular left wing, praised for his efforts to...

Find Another Essay On Aftermath of military rule in Latin America: A case of Brazil and Argentina

Separation of Church and State in Latin America

7436 words - 30 pages Separation of Church and State in Latin America Throughout Latin American history, the Roman Catholic Church has played a tumultuous role, from passive "soul saving" to aggressive revolutionary actions. As the countries have turned toward democracy the Catholic Church has had to recognize that along with modernization comes the promotion of two democratic ideals: the separation of Church and State and the endorsement of secularization

The Power of Baseball and Role Models in Latin America

1983 words - 8 pages The Power of Baseball and Role Models in Latin America In many countries around the world, the socioeconomic problem is so bad that they are granted the title of a Third World country. Countries that are not quite as bad, such as most Latin American countries like Cuba, the Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, often have trouble, on a smaller level, of creating jobs and job security for its people to inspire work ethic and incentive to raise

Latin America: A Legacy of Oppression

2113 words - 8 pages vessels in a mad pursuit after the gold and all other precious property of the Indians” (Peace 479). The royal rulers of Spain made it a rule that nothing would jeopardize their ability to rob the land from the native people of Latin America. The missionary process, “had to be encouraged, but the missionaries could not be permitted to dominate the colony at the cost of royal rule” (Gibson 76). The European governments established missionaries to

Base of the Pyramid in Latin America

4102 words - 16 pages Lima 33, Peru Abstract Based on qualitative research, the author studied the experiences of eight firms, each one operating in a specific country in Latin America, among Peru, Mexico, Ecuador, Colombia, Chile, and Argentina, from different industries and at different stages of implementation on their Bottom of the Pyramid incursions. Through an analysis, the author uncovers what types of innovation were best to reinforce the value propositions to

The Rule of Law in America

1066 words - 5 pages foreign countries. At the beginning of our country the Constitution was not meant to be read as a collection a suggestions rather as a way to get men away from their old tendencies. Those were the days where the rights of the average man were the top priority of the government. Today however we need to remember that the rule of the law is supposed to focus on the rights of the citizens and not on who is wearing what in Hollywood. Over the years

The Rule of Law in America

708 words - 3 pages most prominent statesmen of America’s revolutionary generation, they were responsible for the successful war for colonial independence from Great Britain, the liberal ideas celebrated in the Declaration of Independence, and the republican form of government defined in the United States Constitution. The founding fathers wanted us to be governed by a rule of law, instead of by men, because they wanted the government to be weak, so they could rely on the constitution. We are also different from any other country, because we are believed to be far more ethnically diverse than most of the other nations in the world.

The Rule of Law in America

644 words - 3 pages written in the book of fate than that these people are to be free. Establish the law for educating the common people. This it is the business of the state to effect and on a general plan. Having the Rule of Law is part of what defines free nations. It is the Rule of Law more than any other concept that separates the free world from government rule. This is what the American founding fathers understood better than those living today. To alter it on

The Rule of Law in America - 819 words

819 words - 4 pages The Founding Fathers wanted the people to be free and vote for the person they want to be the president and be the leader of the United States for a period of time. They wanted outsiders to feel welcomed and not feel like a slave like some people are in other countries. The Founding Fathers wanted to make us a free country and have our own rights and a choice to decide for themselves and not be told who to vote for but they also can decide not

"Let the Government do its Job" A paper arguing in support of the government in the aftermath of Sep 11th. Touching on the PATRIOT Act, Military Commissions, and Classification of Doc

1624 words - 6 pages covering up information that is not relevant to national security but is only politically harmful to the administration because it keeps the populace in the dark about circumstances where government has overstepped its limits. This is not the case. There is a very simple, reasonable, and required, reasoning behind higher trend of classification that this administration is doing. The reason is we are engaged in a battle for the very survival of our

A Comparison of Deforestation in Indonesia and Brazil

780 words - 3 pages Deforestation has significantly become a major environmental issue in both Indonesia and Brazil over few years ago. As populations in both countries have impressively increased, the demand of people to exploit the forest by cutting down the trees for their dwelling places and agriculture has also risen up at the same time. Presently, 70 percent of the forests in the world land region have been diminished for human benefits which bring about the

The Independence of Latin America

1196 words - 5 pages The Independence of Latin America The Independence of Latin America was a process caused by years of injustices, discriminations, and abuse, from the Spanish Crown upon the inhabitants of Latin America. Since the beginning the Spanish Crown used the Americas as a way to gain riches and become greater in power internationally. Three of the distinct causes leading Latin America to seek independence from Spain, were that Spain was

Similar Essays

Is Water Privatization A Viable Option In Latin America? Case Studies Of Bolivia And Argentina

2773 words - 11 pages perception that the state has certain responsibilities with regards to its citizens which must not be dependent on whether the same are able to pay for them. Rather eligibility for such commodities and services is essentially contingent on a person's citizenship.This paper will investigate the unique place of water provision as an enterprise in Latin America and why there has been a general trend to privatize state-owned water services. At the same time

On Politics And Identity In Latin American Cinema In Regards To The Films Of Peru, Brazil, Argentina, And Cuba

1345 words - 5 pages struggle. In both the past and present, Argentina was under a dictator and faced with brutal persecution if the government was ever questioned. This approach was similar to Terra em Transe, which used the fictional city of El Dorado to avoid directly speaking out against the government. In the case of Camilla, her family's apathy spawns from the desire of self-preservation. No one wants to stick their heads out and speak freely, because of the

The Impact Of Military Regimes On Democracy: The Case Of Argentina And Chile

1343 words - 6 pages Article fails to analyze weather the implementation of a neoliberal economy benefited or hindered the countries in Latin America. In addition to this, because the study choses to focus on many countries in Latin America instead of focusing on a few the study therefore lacks continuity and dose a poor job of explaining how neoliberalism affected each country directly especially in the cases of Chile and Argentina (Yates). Books like “The Crisis That

Influence Of Colonialism In Africa And Latin America

651 words - 3 pages Africa. The same was the case in Latin America, where military intervention in government has had a poor economic and political performance. Economically, there is almost a startling resemblance between the development of Africa and Latin America. On both continents, the emergence of a monocrop, export-oriented economy created states that immediately became dependent on other states or the international market for other goods. This