Aftermath of World War II
The United States of America and Europe were left to deal with the rebuilding of their political and economic assets, after the pandemonium caused by World War II had cleared. With the end of World War II came the establishment of the two dominating powers, the great Soviet Union and the United States. Subsequently the two dominate powers that were working together during World War II became untrustworthy of each other and established very dissimilar dogmas. The Soviet Union influenced and affected the Eastern European nations through their establishment of numerous different policies made from 1945 to 1970. The foremost outcome was two separated political views, the Communists and the anti-Communists. For the duration of this conflict, the struggle over which policy would rule dominated the political environment. Succeeding the passing of the Soviet leader Lenin, Joseph Stalin rose to power. Following Stalin, Nikita Khrushchev took over the decision making up until the end of his rule in 1964. Both of these men employed policies that caused an extensive assortment of reactions from the rest of the world. Eastern European history is incessantly molded by their liberal restructurings, radical domestics, foreign policy, and communist platform.
The first General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee was Joseph Stalin and he served from 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to come to be the leader of the Soviet Union. He executed many programs and reorganizations that worried other powerful leaders including, American President Truman. Divergence between America and the Soviet Union over Eastern Europe was nearly tangibly. The Soviets were afraid that nations would revert to anti-Soviet attitudes if allowed free election; so, the Red Army fixed pro-Soviet governing managements in such countries as Poland, Bulgaria, Romania, and Hungary. The Truman doctrine came to be after the Soviets and British clashed for govern of Greece in 1946. The Americans were frightened that the expansion of communism to Greece would result in its expansion into the Middle East, Africa, and Mediterranean. By 1947, President Truman had requested 400 million dollars to support Greece and Turkey who were threatened by Communist expansion. The New Economic Policy of the 1920s was replaced with Five-Year Plans when Stalin launched a command economy which caused a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivization. The disturbance in the agrarian subdivision disrupted food production, resulting in widespread famine, such as the catastrophic Soviet famine of 1932-1933. Stalin nurtured a cult of character around him, but after his death, his successor, Nikita Khrushchev, condemned his legacy and drove the progression of de-Stalinization of the Soviet Union.
During the Cold War era Nikita Khrushchev was a Soviet...