Aggression Discuss The Three Psychological Approaches According To Freud, Skinner And Rogers(Psychodynamic, Behaviourist And Humanistic Theories)

1691 words - 7 pages

AGGRESSIONWhat is aggression? During my research, I have noted various definitions of aggression and have often found it to be coupled with violence. This human trait is so complex that it is difficult to pinpoint any one description, but I believe that for the purpose of this essay, this extremely loose term will have to suffice, as aggression is viewed differently according to the different approaches. "Aggression - a wide variety of acts that involve attack" (The Penguin Dictionary of Psychology-Third Edition 2001)In this essay, I will explain and evaluate three psychological approaches of aggression from Sigmund Freud, Burrhus F Skinner and Carl R Rogers.Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) developed the psychoanalytical theory of the personality, whereby he divided it into layers; the unconscious, preconscious and the conscious. These represented different levels of awareness in our minds. He also described the personality as the id, which is essentially what we are born with and is where the basic sexual and aggressive drives reside, the ego, which starts to develop as soon as interaction with the environment begins, and the superego, which represents the moral aspect of humans according to society's standards and values. He believed that we are born with these inner feelings of aggression, which we use as a tool to obtain the things we want, but unfortunately, society restricts the use of this horrible behaviour for obvious reasons. The display of aggressive behaviour would cause us to lose love and respect ending in lowered self-esteem. In order to get through life without imposing this unacceptable behaviour upon society, we have in our superego, incorporated something called 'guilt', which in turn makes us feel ashamed of this pushy, demanding insistence of gratification side of ourselves. However, this causes within us an eternal conflict that rages on through our everyday lives, in the unconscious level of our minds, where we only dimly recognise it.He was however, concerned that these energies could not be permanently 'bottled up' and suggested that redirection of these energies (catharsis) into other channels, work would be more socially acceptable. He called this sublimation and suggested that a good society would make this possible. Nevertheless, he remained pessimistic about this also as it only redirected the energy of aggression and did not really deal with the source of the 'problem'.Freud (1920) called the destructive force that forms aggression, Thanatos -the death instinct (Beyond the Pleasure Principle 1920) and believed that this is a natural human condition that is also aimed at ourselves. However, our natural life instincts prevent anything happening, but Freud thoroughly believed that the destruction of ourselves is inevitable, as aggression will always be at war with society and therefore the greatest obstacle to peace.Burrhus F Skinner (1904-1990) who favoured the behaviourist approach to psychology, criticised the...

Find Another Essay On Aggression-Discuss the Three Psychological Approaches According to Freud, Skinner and Rogers(Psychodynamic, Behaviourist and Humanistic Theories)

Discuss the cause of binge drinking in America by using psychological theories and the impacts of stress in relation

5 words - 0 pages 第一幕(開門聲)唐太太:呀!你們…!唐英年:你…你為什麼會那麼早回來的?唐太太:你這女人快跟的滾!滾出去!走!(拍門聲

Biological and Humanistic Theories Essay

1018 words - 4 pages Two important personality theories are the biological theory and the humanistic theory. The biological theory is based on the premise that all people inherit their characteristics from their family. This theory basically contends that people do not have control over their behaviors because they are genetically pre-determined. The humanistic theory, on the other hand, is based on the premise that each person has free will to control their actions

Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1906 words - 8 pages People often wonder what they are made of and why they do the things they do. Are people born to do and act a certain way, or do they have a choice to act in a certain way? This paper will speak about two approaches that is said to have influence on one the turnout of one's personality. These two approaches are the biological approach and the humanistic approach. By studying these two approaches, one can identify one's personality and whether it

Freud and Behaviourist's Theories

2401 words - 10 pages Freud and Behaviourist's Theories In the late 19th and early 20th Century, there were many important theories developed explaining, or trying to explain, human behaviour and personality development. In this essay, I aim to compare and contrast the Freudian Theory and the Theories of the Behaviourists. These were some of the main theories constructed with aims at looking at the way our behaviour is, or isn't, controlled

Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1699 words - 7 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 2 University of PhoenixBiological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentBiological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentUno de los asuntos más desconcertantes de la psicología es comprender la relación entre la mente y el cerebro. Todos reconocemos que tenemos conciencia de nuestro entorno, y también de nosotros

Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment

1690 words - 7 pages Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality Assessment PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Biological and Humanistic Approaches Personality AssessmentUno de los asuntos más desconcertantes de la psicología es comprender la relación entre la mente y el cerebro. Todos reconocemos que tenemos conciencia de nuestro entorno, y también de nosotros mismos. Dicha experiencia es la que normalmente ha sido descrita como la mente

Sigmund Freud And His Theories

1569 words - 6 pages referred to.Another big part of Freud's theory was the ego, superego, and id, along with the three types of anxiety: moral, realistic, and neurotic. At birth, according to the beliefs of Freudians, nervous system is little more than that of any other animal, an "it" or id. The nervous system, as id, translates the organism's needs into motivational forces known as the drives or instincts. This was the primary process. An easy and famous example of this

The three main theorie of Sigmund Freud and his contribution to society.

981 words - 4 pages development.Freud's theory of the mind is one of the most important aspects in studying the psyche. According to Freud the mind is divided into three sections: the id, the ego and the superego, each playing a different role. What Freud names the id is an unconscious region of the mind that initiates drives and instincts. This section is responsible for giving power to the three main needs, which according to Freud are satisfying hunger and thirst, the need

Approaches to learning - Theories of learning styles and learning strategies.

642 words - 3 pages learner actively uses the theories formed and also tries them in new situations. The latter takes him back to the start of the cycle. )- Concrete Experience (The learner is encouraged to become involved in new experiences.)- Reflective Observation (The learner reflect on his experience from different perspective. Enough time and supportive feedback is helpful in this stage.)- Abstract Conceptualisation (The learner forms ideas and logical

The Theories of B.F. Skinner

1036 words - 4 pages Skinner PAGE 3 The Theories of B.F. Skinner4/20/06Psy 250The Theories of B.F. SkinnerMany theorists have presented their theory of personality in attempts to either explain their own personal lives or to describe the effects that genetics and the environment have in personality. Countless debates have risen over the actual cause of people's actions. Is it parental upbringing, genetic traits, unconscious forces or simply responses to stimuli

Analysing Two Humanistic Theories: Person Centered and Self Actualisation

1176 words - 5 pages 1.1) INTRODUCTION Humanistic theories emerged in 1950s. We have two types of humanistic theories, the first one is Person-centred theory by Carl Rogers which is based on how people see them-selves in relation to their personal experience and the second theory is Self-actualisation by Abraham Maslow which is based on the needs that motivate people. In this paper both theories will be described in detail and also they will be evaluated. 1.2

Similar Essays

Describe And Discuss Two Contributions Of Either Freud Or Rogers To The Development Of Psychology.

1330 words - 5 pages Describe and discuss TWO contributions of eitherFreud or Rogers to the development of Psychology.Freud's work is described as psychoanalysis; it is the theory of personality, personality development including child development, moral development, defence mechanisms and theory of dreams. In this essay we will look at the psychosexual stages primarily the phallic stage. We will also look at Freud's theories on the structure of personality.Freud

Social Psychological Theories Of Aggression Essay

1320 words - 5 pages Social Psychological Theories of Aggression Social learning theorists propose that behaviour, such as aggression is learnt through observation, imitation and behaviour shaping. This behaviour is learnt automatically through observation of male and female role models, for example parents, peers and media characters. Whether or not this behaviour is imitated depends on the type of reinforcement that the role model

Human Nature According To Psychoanalysis And The Humanistic Psychology

1649 words - 7 pages the subjective worlds in which we exist. As we will see both perspectives will approach these matters and will focus on the subjectivity, exploring aspects of our inner life. The major contributors to these perspectives are Sigmund Freud who created psychotherapy and psychodynamics at the start of the 20th century, and inside the humanistic perspective, Carl Rogers who developed the person centred therapy during the

Behaviourist And Cognitive Approaches To Consumer Learning Theory

1600 words - 6 pages 'Describe behaviourist and cognitive approaches to consumer learning theory and discuss the implications of these theories for marketing practice'Learning is one of the major determinants of human behavior. Psychologists are of the opinion that all human behavior involves some form of learning. Human beings are not born with the knowledge or skills that could be used as guidelines of how to behave for their daily life. Knowledge or skills are