Agile Manufacturing Essay

3179 words - 13 pages

Introduction:Agile manufacturing (AM) is a new competition mode in the manufacture world, which is a brand new competitive system based on the information integration, communication technology and production manufacture. In the system, the main target is that all the resources needed in production, human resource, capital and equipment, are managed by computer and IT, in order to optimize resources and build up an agile competition by dynamic alliance organizations.This assignment introduces the concept and content of AM, discusses the development of AM briefly, and according to those researches has been done about AM, the report reviews environmental factors which influence AM strategies, designs, implementations and maintenances, especially in Information Technology (IT) rapid developing effect. By reviewing two successful cases from China and US, the differences and similarities in the AM practices and process in both two countries are solved.Concept and Content of Agile Manufacturing:Different groups have different ideas of what agile manufacturing is, the concept of agile manufacturing came about in 1991, agile manufacturing is defined as: "the ability to thrive and prosper in a competitive environment of continuous and unanticipated change and to respond quickly to rapidly changing markets driven by customer - based valuing of products." (R Nagel, 1991)Agility is an integrated set of business strategies for competitiveness in a turbulent business environment, based on four cardinal principles: Enrich the customer; Master change and uncertainty; Leverage resources; and Co-operate to compete. (Goldman, 1995)Mass Customization is the key principle of agile manufacturing. Nowadays, number of new production is entering in the market, such as One-Hour Photo, instant optometry, they are all based on what the customer needs, AM helps those enterprises to produce products efficiently, with lower cost and completely to satisfy consumer needs and wants. For example, a customer ordered one DELL desktop with fully customized requirements; the desktop will be scheduled and assembled by the manufacturing department of DELL and shipped to the consumer in couple of days. Once the consumer received the desktop, he or she will be free to upgrade it in the after market from a base computer to a hi-tech model by simply purchasing and installing the components necessary to upgrade. DELL is using AM to reduced its lead times, prevent redundancy in inventory and save production floor space.Agile companies are flexible and quick to respond to fast moving market conditions, those companies have to be able to see and to handle the changing in customers' demand or requires, customer representatives have the authority to change the methods or requires, customer representatives have the authority to change the methods or focus of the companies in order to fit customers' need. An agile company will often need more than one organizational structure at the same time. Back...

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