According to Klasco (2011), psychological disorders "are abnormalities of the mind that result in persistent behavior patterns" that can have an impact on daily tasks and life in general. There are many different groups of psychological disorders, one of those being anxiety disorders, which King (2013) states features "motor tension, hyperactivity, and apprehensive expectations and thoughts" (p. 448). There are also many subgroups of anxiety disorders, including phobic disorders, in which agoraphobia is included in. Agoraphobia is considered a panic disorder because its’ ability to limit people from doing their daily activities.
Agoraphobia can be divided into two word parts: agora, a Greek term meaning “marketplace” and phobia, meaning “the fear of something” (Miller, 2011). It is the fear of being in a communal or open place (Miller, 2011). When people have agoraphobia, they often evade situations that may cause them to panic, such as crowded places, leaving a common place, being unaccompanied, or being confined or humiliated (“Agoraphobia,” 2011; “Agoraphobia,” 2014). People often become imprisoned in their own home because they do not feel safe in public places or crowded places, such as malls, planes, sporting events, elevators, or public transportation (“Agoraphobia,” 2011). Initiating treatment can be difficult because it means facing the fear, but a combination of therapy and medicine can reduce the symptoms substantially (“Agoraphobia,” 2011; Miller, 2011).
Agoraphobia, like many phobias, is often unreported because of the phobia limiting the person (“Agoraphobia,” 2014). Panic disorder often occurs with agoraphobia, creating a barrier in recording the frequency of agoraphobia (“Agoraphobia,” 2014). Reported cases of agoraphobia add up to less than ten percent of the population, but many undiagnosed cases are suspected (“Agoraphobia,” 2014).
The cause of agoraphobia is unknown, but there are many theories. One theory suggests that agoraphobia is a learned disorder; for example, one often develops agoraphobia after experiencing a panic attack in a congested or foreign place (Miller, 2011). Another hypothesis for the cause of agoraphobia states that continually exposing oneself to events that provoke symptoms of anxiety (“Agoraphobia,” 2014). Agoraphobia is described as a developing a feeling of desolation that arises from a battle between feelings toward a parent of the opposite sex and the clash with the parent of the same sex (“Agoraphobia,” 2014). Agoraphobia is similar to other mental disorders because it is often influenced by genetics and runs in the family (“Agoraphobia,” 2014)
There are many symptoms that display a diagnosis of agoraphobia, but the main one is anxiety. People who suffer from agoraphobia often suffer from the feeling of being anxious about being in or having a panic attack in public or unfamiliar places (“Agoraphobia,” 2014; “Agoraphobia,” 2011). People who have agoraphobia, do not just...