This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Agricultural Productivity In Malawi Essay

868 words - 4 pages

Increasing agricultural productivity has been the main agenda for agricultural experts in many countries including Malawi. Because of the effects of climatic change on agricultural productivity, researchers have found ways to improve productivity for smallholder and commercial farmers alike, the former for increased food security and the latter for increased profits. However, so many years after the introduction of the yielding varieties, still being developed by many researchers from the whole wide world, the globe is still facing food insecurity for most people on the planet earth. The use of inorganic fertilizers has ameliorated the problem of low agricultural productivity, however, in most developing countries, food insecurity still persists every year. What could be the problem? In my own opinion, I would say many developing countries have failed to address the issue of soil productivity and have rushed to think the use of high yielding varieties and use of inorganic fertilizers will solve the problems. I believe that the issue has to be tackled at its root, which in my opinion is that most soils have lost their productivity capacities and hence the technologies have failed to make an impact on total agricultural productivity. In this essay, I will therefore discuss the nature of the extent of low soil productivity and make suggestions on how the problem could be solved using sustainable approaches.
Soil productivity can be defined as the capacity of the soil to support vibrant plant growth, which would result into increased crop productivity. Soil productivity is a function of a number of components in the soil such as nutrient availability, moisture availability, water holding capacity and the soil structure among others. These components are controlled by both natural factors and human activities. Some of the natural factors include evapotranspiration and temperature, which are influenced by solar energy while human activities include cropping and land management practices. The extent of low soil productivity problem is manifested through different indicators that can be seen throughout the growing season. First of all, most of the soils in Malawi are nitrogen deficient and this is the main nutrient needed for plant growth. Nitrogen deficient in Malawi is a well-known problem because during the growing season, most crops develop yellow coloration, a sign of nitrogen deficient. In addition to this, there are some quarters of the country, which have phosphorous and potassium deficiencies indicated by purple coloration of leaves and yellow and brown coloration of leaves margins respectively (Sawyer, 2004).
Nutrient deficiency is largely a sustainability problem because it can be solved by sustainable human...

Find Another Essay On Agricultural Productivity in Malawi

Biomass Energy In Africa Essay

1642 words - 7 pages . Furthermore, another form of biomass energy known as briquettes is as useful and effective as GELfuel. According to Mabona, briquettes are “produced from wood and paper wastes, agricultural residues and other biomass material…” (Mabona 53). Using briquettes as another alternative source of biomass energy is beneficial for the people of Malawi, especially the women who bears most of the responsibility in maintaining the supply of firewood. It will

Recent famines across Africa have prompted the questions of why Africa, and why again? Focus on these questions by analysing the situation of food insecurity and underlying causes

5951 words - 24 pages crops and will, in contrast experience increased yields (IPCC 2001).Population is a central determinant of 'agricultural productivity per capita' and therefore a 'cause' of constrained national food 'availability'. African specific 'concern' is supported in the fact that Africa has experienced the greatest population growth, 3% per annum between 1985-95 compared to 2.2% in south Asia and 2% in Latin America (Dyson 1996: 32). Explaining this is

Impact of Agricultural Trade liberalization on Poverty in Latin America

1671 words - 7 pages have argued that it will increase economic competitiveness and reduce poverty by promoting an increase in exports, job creation and by improving economic productivity in the sector. Research into this question suggests that global agricultural trade liberalization may reduce poverty overall in Latin America but outcomes may vary between countries and between different sub-populations (Porto, 2007). This finding is significant because of the

This is a short speech on the reasons that AIDS is the next plague

692 words - 3 pages . The AIDS epidemic is still increasing worldwide, and in Africa it threatens to wipe out entire nations. In December 2002, there were 42 million people infected with HIV. About 30 million victims live in Africa.The Presidents of Botswana and Malawi have declared that their nations may become extinct unless drastic interventions to halt the spread of the disease are made. One-quarter of the population of the nine countries of southern Africa will die

Leadership theories

545 words - 3 pages such as finance and manufacturing. Hierarch refers to management layers and formal processes and this refer to how companies internally organised and how they interact externally with investors, suppliers and customers. Looking at the way the civil service in managed in Malawi, this may indicate that bureaucratic principles are being applied in administration of all departments. Weber, 1947, further explains that bureaucratic management structure

Desertification

614 words - 3 pages estimates that some African countries, such as Ethiopia and Malawi, could suffer a 10 percent drop in their GDP, due to the effect of desertification. Although desertification is a nearly irreversible process, there are several possible solutions to halt the desertification of Africa and other regions throughout the world. One possible solution to the problems would be to begin replanting trees and vegetation in areas near the desert, in order to

History of trade unions in SA - Nelson Mandela University - Essay

1634 words - 7 pages natural resources and more deforestation. Insufficient knowledge about agricultural practices can also lead to decline in crop yield and productivity. On the other hand, environmental problems add more to the miseries of poor people. Environmental problems cause more suffering among them as environmental damage increases the impact of floods and other environmental catastrophes. Soil erosion, land degradation and deforestation leads to decline in

Nursing Education in Mozambique

1717 words - 7 pages care personnel and economy can influence this country tremendously and it is explored to see if anything can be done to improve its outcomes. Location/Geography Mozambique has a total area of 801,590 square kilometers and is located in southeast Africa. The coastline borders the Indian Ocean and the Mozambique Channel. Maputo is the capital and it is located south on the tip of the country. Tanzania is north, Zambia and Malawi lie northwest

Crisis in Zimbabwe

1223 words - 5 pages , Zimbabwe will not be able to export food to those countries that would normally get the food that was left over. Zambia was a country that was affected by the collapse of Zimbabwe. The way in which Zambia was affected was that it relied on funding from banks and due to the collapse of multiple banks in Zimbabwe not all that was available then is obtainable now. Malawi was affected because it relied on Zimbabwe to get food for the country. Because

Hiv impact

5727 words - 23 pages Division The Impact of AIDS 81 ple may have to be supported by a smaller active labour force. In addition, the composition of the labour force may change with respect to skills, education and experience, which would decrease the productivity of labour. Theodore (2001), in a model applied to sev- eral Caribbean countries, identified four channels through which HIV/AIDS may affect the econ- omy: the production channel; the allocation chan- nel

baharokur

913 words - 4 pages low productivity in the agricultural sector, measures for high taxes in production and government roles for economic education. Agricultural population in Turkey is quite high. However, the contribution of agriculture productivity is very low. Turkey is the country that has the lowest productivity among OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development) countries. Turkey uses resources very inaccurately and incompletely. And

Similar Essays

Malawi Essay

2211 words - 9 pages stake as the weather conditions directly affect the productivity. There are several environmental problems that have been a real issue in Malawi, a few are stated below: * Increase in soil erosion, it is one of the major types of land degradation; which is causing a threat to sustainable agricultural production, soil and contamination of water. * Deforestation is another problem caused by agricultural expansion

Malawi And Tobacco Essay

1848 words - 7 pages required to use them and this is not available from within the country. The economy is predominately agricultural with 90% of the population located in rural areas. Presently agriculture, including tobacco-farming accounts for 37% of GDP and 85% of export revenues. Malawi not only depends on tobacco to survive The World Bank and IMF provides large sums on capital, creating debts that cannot be paid for. To change the countries economic position

Could Biotechnology Solve Food Shortage Problem?

2635 words - 11 pages food and other agricultural products to sustain incomes here and meet the needs of urban populations. Also productivity of labor decrease on account of malnutrition and diseases like HIV, malaria. Malawi, not having an outlet to the sea, enters into number of the most densely occupied and least developed countries of the world. The economy is mainly agricultural, agricultural sector is occupied about 80 % of the population living in countryside

Willingness To Pay For Improvements In Water Quality: A Case Study Of Blantyre Urban

1564 words - 7 pages littered anyhow in the major urban areas including Blantyre ending up in rivers. Ground water though viewed as one of the safe sources of water, there are also a number of quality issues that are associated with it. According to Government of Malawi (2010), some of the issues include high concentrations of minerals such as fluoride, nitrates especially in agricultural areas, manganese and fecal matter in some areas. All in all, these issues make