The Industrial Revolution
The Industrial Revolution paved way for the development of various innovations that led to increased agricultural output, faster transportation and communication, and better quality of life, which would, in turn, further encouraged the research on and creation of technologies and more efficient systems of knowledge and processes in future periods of time. The outcomes of Industrial Revolution also capacitated urbanization and capitalism (Mack, 2012). The Industrial Revolution has different consequences to societies around the globe. From what historical records show, western countries especially USA and Great Britain benefitted most from the advancements during this time, as they had more resources to allow for the maximization of novel discoveries and inventions.
Prominent Agricultural Innovations
Among the innovations that emerged during the Industrial Revolution, the researchers were able to identify three inventions that dramatically changed and enhanced agriculture and society, namely: the cotton gin, the mechanical reaper, and the canning industry.
The cotton gin is truly a remarkable breakthrough in agriculture, as it not only elevated cotton and textile production but also strengthened the power of superior societies. The creation of this equipment was done by Eli Whitney and funded by Catherine Greene. Similar to the birth of other creations, the cotton gin research and construction was driven by an increasing need in America. Specifically, given the complications in tobacco sales and manufacture, Catherine Greene hired Eli Whitney to help American farmers in assisting the cotton industry. With this comes the invention of the cotton gin that allowed for the faster separation of seeds from short-staple cotton (Schur, n.d.).
The cotton gin was operated through spinning a handle that automates a rotating cylinder with spikes, which pulls the cotton fibers into the small openings. The seeds were then collected into a box above while the cotton fibers where amassed by rotating brushes just beside the cylinder. As a result of this innovation, farmers and laborers no longer need to allocate numerous hours for the manual separation of seeds. Indeed, cotton gin enabled for the manufacture of fifty pounds of cotton per day (Bellis, n.d.).
The cotton gin greatly profited the American cotton agriculture and manufacture as by the 1800s, income from cotton was doubled per year. A number of jobs in farming were offered to the marginal people in the USA in order to continue the progress of this budding industry. This enabled USA to be the leader of cotton export during the Industrial Revolution especially as the cotton gin would later be modified to be horse- or water-powered (Schur, n.d.). Before the creation of the cotton gin, Great Britain relied on India’s cotton and indigo for their textile industry (Clingingsmith & Williamson, 2005). However, by late 18th century, the flourishing cotton production...