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Agriculture In Afghanistan Essay

3392 words - 14 pages

“Much Afghan produce has unlimited demand in regional markets and in terms of soil and sun, water and weather, Afghanistan has the ideal growing conditions of California and Chile.” (Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation & Livestock).
“Garden City”. When you hear this phrase you don't instantly think about Afghanistan. Kabul, Afghanistan however was know as the Garden City for a long time. This however does not ring true today. After decades of war Afghanistan's agricultural prowess is not what it once was. Before the Soviet Invasion in 1978 agriculture was responsible for nearly half of the countries Gross Domestic Product. Afghanistan once accounted for almost sixty percent of the worlds dried fruit. All this changed when the country was thrust into the international lime light and became the barren looking land that we think of as Afghanistan today. In 2001 the United States invaded Afghanistan with the intent on eradicating the terrorist threats that came from that country. Little did they know that they might be doing something more for Afghanistan than they thought they were. Afghanistan became a hot bed for international support, and their agriculture is a large receptor of this support. It is many peoples goals to help Afghanistan try and regain its economy and a little stability by aiding them in reconstructing a bustling agriculture. In the twelve years since the US invasion many great successes have been made in revitalizing Afghanistan agriculture. A success in Afghanistan can be thought of as something that either once was great about the country and is now being brought back, or something that the country lacked before that they are now getting.
This success story from Afghanistan is that the country that was torn apart by decades of war is not seeing a revitalization of its agricultural sector. Agriculture is the main source of income for the Afghanistan economy. The number one crop in Afghanistan is wheat. This is followed by opium and potatoes. Prior to 1978 the country's agriculture flourished with many different types of crops produced. Afghanistan was a dominate force in the world in pistachio production. They were also a large provider of the worlds dried fruits and nuts, especially raisins. There are many crops that Afghanistan was accustomed to producing and exporting. In the 1970's Afghanistan was one of the leading producers of grapes. They accounted for more than twenty percent of the worlds raisins. There was also a large demand for Afghanistan table grapes. The wars that were waged in Afghanistan not only stopped many people from being able to cultivate the land as they had been doing for so long, but also took the working force away from said lands. There was also the actual fighting that was done that caused the lands to be nearly impossible to cultivate. It is estimated that nearly fifty percent of the wheat production was lost due to the soviet invasion. The wars caused people to be...

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