This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Aid To Africa: A Review Of The Efficacy Of International Aid To Sub Saharan Africa

2057 words - 9 pages

Despite the hundreds of billions of dollars that have been poured into Sub-Saharan Africa over the past century in an effort to propel development, Africa remains by far the poorest continent in the world. Failure has arisen from the problematic nature of the administration of the aid. Traditionally, aid has come in the form of military aid, and large international financial transactions. Although these forms of aid have overall failing track records, targeted developmental assistance has been historically successful. In order to pull Africa out of poverty, the international community should focus on targeted developmental assistance.
Military Aid
Recent military conflicts have broken out all across northern Africa and the sub-Saharan Sahel Region. Most countries in these regions face their own unique violent conflicts. Conflicts stem from a myriad of sources including ethnic differences, political or religious ideologies, low human development, corrupt and oppressive governance, resource disputes, and poor economic performance (Oyeniyi 1). Governments all across North Africa were overthrown in the Arab Spring, and violent conflicts with extremist factions such as Al-Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) have resulted in large amounts of international military aid to this region.
Proponents of military aid argue that the political instability the region currently faces precludes any meaningful economic or political development. Extremist factions oppose development in the region, as this would decrease their capacity to operate with impunity. For example, the name of a Nigerian extremist group “Boko Haram” essentially means “Western education is sacrilege.” Western ideals such as democracy, capitalism, and transparency are essential in development. As long as extremist factions with vested interests in keeping the area underdeveloped have secure footholds, development is unlikely to occur. Arguments for military aid rest on the premise that military aid can stabilize the region allowing it to develop itself.
However, military aid has seen mixed results.
The 2013 French-led military intervention in Mali is one example of successful military aid. The conflict in Mali originated from ethnic tensions between the Northern Tuareg rebels, and the Southern Malians who had long controlled the country’s politics. The Tuaregs in collaboration with several Islamist extremist factions e.g. Ansar Al-Dine, Ansar Al-Sharia, and AQIM, formed the National Movement for the Liberation of the Azawad (MNLA), and seized control of Northern Mali. Once Northern Mali had been compromised, some Islamist extremist factions began implementing harsh Muslim Sharia Law. In response to this, the Tuaregs joined forces with the Malian army and the international coalition to retake Northern Mali. “France deployed a powerful military force in Mali...that easily pounded the separatist rebels and Islamist extremists into hasty retreat....By the end of January 2013 the military...

Find Another Essay On Aid to Africa: A Review of the Efficacy of International Aid to Sub-Saharan Africa

Sub Saharan Africa Essay

1838 words - 8 pages Over the last ten years, sub-Saharan Africa has come across economic growth of coarsely five percent per year. Today, 21 African countries are considered “middle income”(Christiaensen and Devarajan). Regardless of strong growth, the impact on poverty is much less than hoped. Today, many countries in Africa add up among the world’s poorest. To tackle this poverty problem the collective prescription is economic development. Economic development

Developing Sub Saharan Africa Essay

1507 words - 7 pages solving this situation, but so do the African governments. The reason why Sub Saharan Africa is undergoing such a rapid growth of population is because of the desire to have more male children. It is almost cultural that a family in this region is to have at least two male offspring (UNICEF). They believe men can help more with the family’s crops and laborious work than the females. Therefore, if a woman only bares female children, she will

Sub-Saharan Africa

1818 words - 7 pages religion, race, and class. The Sahara also serves as a vast barrier between the people of northern Africa and those of sub-Saharan Africa. South of the Sahara, Negroid peoples, which constitute about seventy percent of the population, predominate. Primarily concentrated in southern Africa, are some five million people of European descent. Europeans began to appear in Africa in the last half of the nineteenth century. Even though they were small in

South African and the International Politics in sub-Saharan Africa

1393 words - 6 pages Braithwaite, J. M. (2014). 544A POL-International Relations of Sub Saharan Africa. Retrieve from. U of A online. Outreach College. Diaz, Q. D. (2009) CJTF-HOA Dedicates Hospital in Uganda. CJTF-HOA Combined Joint Task Force - Horn of Africa Hank, D. (2005). Military Implications of Human Security: The Case of South Africa. Retrieve from. http://www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc/human_sec_henk_21oct05.pdf Harbeson, J. W. & Rothchild, D. (2013

South African and the International Politics in sub-Saharan Africa

2172 words - 9 pages WWII; the prospect of democracy for the sub-Saharan African countries is an ongoing battle (Braithwaite, 2014). South Africa is one example of political changes and the understanding of human security along with economic development. Governance Political change is the strength and legacy of a country. By looking at the history, an understanding of the people’s culture and laws can be made to determine its place in the global order. Such events

Contrasting Growth Experience of China and Sub Saharan Africa

3062 words - 13 pages expanding at the pace it did a few years ago (see figure 1). It is clear that China has experienced growth quicker than in Sub-Saharan Africa as it has provided aid and investment to the infrastructure of SSA and created capital that has been desperately needed for SSA’s growth and development. This has come from China searching for natural resources to further its own industrialisation. With reference to the Lewis Theory of Development, China

Direct Action in the Sahel Region of Africa: Military Aid

1174 words - 5 pages received aid are still struggling. For example, Nigeria continues to have problems even after receiving a high majority of aid. Nigeria has 70 percent of citizens below the poverty line, an average life expectancy of 52 years, the second highest HIV/AIDS population, and many other grave issues. However, Nigeria is the largest receiver of development investment in Africa (Ploch 1). In order for development to work, the United States needs to make

AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

1648 words - 7 pages behavior alone. AIDS researchers generally make a distinction between concentrated and generalized transmission patterns of the virus. In a concentrated transmission pattern, infection tends to be concentrated within vulnerable groups, like homosexual men, prostitutes, and drug users. In the generalized pattern, infection is spread through the population, typically by way of heterosexual transmission. In sub-Saharan Africa, where heterosexual

Malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa

1132 words - 5 pages Malaria is blood disease caused by a parasite called Plasmodium. This disease occurs widely in poor, subtropical and tropical regions of the world. One subtropical region that has been greatly affected by this disease is Sub-Saharan Africa. According to Olowookere, Adeleke, Kuteyi, and Mbakwe (2013) malaria is one of the leading causes of death and illness in sub-Saharan Africa. It is important to be aware of the impacts this disease carries and

Aid For Africa?

1115 words - 5 pages Africa's economic predicament. Currently, international aid gets put into health, education, and food relief. Nevertheless, Africa lacks the structure that it would take to profit from all of the charity. African countries can export goods duty-free to the European Union market under the Cotonou Agreement. The country of Uganda has a quota to export 50,000 metric tons of sugar to the European Union market. Other countries in Africa also have to

Aid For Africa

920 words - 4 pages future, the problem of child mortality should not be ignored and supports for Africa should not be withheld. In a nutshell, considering the health problems like the lack of food security, the absence of accessing to dispensaries and child mortality, helping to Africa is urgent. Overall, since Africa cannot handle the poverty alone, rich nations and unions should supply aid for Africa due to justice, financial and health causes. It is clear that

Similar Essays

The Necessary Mitigated Evil: Humanitarian Aid In Sub Saharan Africa

1887 words - 8 pages Due in part to its tumultuous past, sub-Saharan Africa is a region of the world that is stricken with war, famine, and poverty. Many people in richer parts of the world, including North America and Europe, view helping the people who inhabit this part of the world as their duty and obligation. Both non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and governmental organizations such as the United Nations (UN) alike send humanitarian aid to sub-Saharan

Why Does Poverty Persist?: A Look At International Aid In Sub Saharan Africa

2053 words - 9 pages mere intellectual activities but practiced with determination all levels. It is clear now that both international and local communities need an alternative approach to poverty reduction in sub-Saharan Africa. Glennie (2008) and Moyo (2010) urge African leaders to get independence from the chain of aid and poverty by reducing the aid to zero in 50 years. Their arguments are inspiring and encouraging especially Moyo’s as a voice of an African

Prevalence Of Hiv In Sub Saharan Africa

1076 words - 4 pages In 2009 an estimated 33.2 million human beings were unfortunate enough to be infected with AIDS or HIV. A hefty 22.4 million of those individuals live in where the story of humanity began, Sub-Saharan Africa. The good-fortuned United States on the other end of the spectrum ,is home to 1.2 million infected. The statistics for the amount of infected in the U.S. is almost negligible in comparison to those of Africa’s ,because of the obvious

Western Sub Saharan Africa Essay

986 words - 4 pages The religion of Islam was introduced to many regions in the time period of 600 CE. Eventually the religion of Islam came to Western sub- Saharan Africa effecting the region greatly. Between 600 and 1450 C.E. ,Western sub-Saharan Africa changed from being a small regional kingdom having relatively local trade with Northern Africa to becoming an expanding empire with extensive trade because of access to Islamic trade routes as a result the