Aids Epidemic. Essay

2785 words - 11 pages

AIDS and the GovernmentOne of our government's most troubling issues is the widespread epidemic of AIDS. It is a disease that is destroying much of the country's population. Not only is AIDS a relatively new disease (at least to the United States) it is a disease that is unstoppable right now due to the lack of conquering research. I believe that it is one of the most hateful diseases. It is a disease that many do not understand the consequences. It is money consuming to the government and destroying to the careless individuals who either do not worry and or are uneducated about it.AIDS is a fairly new disease in the United States. The first reports of AIDS were in 1981. Since these cases, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have closely monitored the outbreak in the United States. The cumulative sum in the AIDS cases reported in December of 1996 was 581,429. Of these cases the total numbers of deaths were 362,004. This left the number of people living with HIV at 76,664 and 216,769 for the people living with AIDS. Of the cases reported 5.5 percent, were reported from non-metropolitan statistical areas (CDC 1996). Rural statistics were not published in the CDC report.The outbreak of aids was first noticed in major urban cities. This obviously made urban areas the concentration in the efforts to fight the disease. Later small numbers of cases were reported in rural areas. According to the CDC, the number of AIDS cases in non-metropolitan statistical areas between 1991 and 1992 increased 9.4 percent as compared to 3.3 percent in metropolitan statistical areas. Non-metropolitan statistical areas, as a group, experienced a 69 percent increase in the rate of AIDS-defining illnesses among men who have sex with men between 1989 and 1994. By comparison, the metropolitan statistical areas with more the 2.5 million people experienced only a 19 percent increase (CDC 1995a). Between 1988 and 1990 the counties with the highest rate of increase of AIDS cases were rural areas. This can be compared with the early outbreaks between 1982 and 1984, when the areas with the highest rate of increase of AIDS cases had an average population of 1.1 million (Lam & Liu 1994). It was concluded that women with the HIV/AIDS virus often resided in larger cities, although there cases were reported while they were living in non-metropolitan statistical areas (Gwinn & Wortley 1996). Of all the U.S. Census regions, the South has experienced the most rapid growth in AIDS cases. Between 1988 and October 1995, the southern states reported the largest numbers and the greatest increase in AIDS cases. In recent years, the South has led the nation in the percentage of adolescent and young adult AIDS patients who reside in small metropolitan and rural areas (CDC 1995b). This to me seems to be due to a lack of AIDS awareness in many parts of the country.Many of the geographical findings in AIDS cases are reported by government surveys. Tests have shown that...

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