Compare and contrast the aims, methods and success of the use of propaganda in two single party states.
Essentially, both Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler had the same fanatic desire to make their nations “Great” and gain considerable respect worldwide which would be determined by their economic might. Both leaders used various means of propaganda to achieve their ultimate aims. To what extent they were successful, however, is a debatable issue.
Hitler could not achieve the solid control over the masses which he had, if he did not have the help of the so called powerful propaganda machine. Propaganda had been vital in winning the Nazis support that helped them come into power. As Goebbels stated in 1934 “Propaganda was [their] sharpest weapon in conquering the state, and remains [their] sharpest weapon in maintaining and building up the state”. The reason why Nazis relied on propaganda was first to keep the population contented and second win support for particular policies. Another rather ambitious aim of theirs was to indoctrinate the people with their Weltanschauung or in other words they were aiming to turn the population into committed members of their Volksgemeinschaft (a community whose members would be Aryan, genetically healthy, socially useful and politically committed to the regime). Nazi propaganda’s purpose was to influence people and to literally brainwash them without them even realizing it. Another aim was to ensure that the message delivered is so simple that even those without any education are able to understand it. It was carefully thought out to control and impose Nazi ideology. Hitler’s aim was to influence the nations spiritually on the behalf of the State and gain devoted followers on his side. He was not only focusing on manipulating the Germans within the country but as well those abroad, which he could not have achieved if he did not use means of propaganda.
Mussolini’s aims were quite similar to those of Hitler’s. He was also devoted to his desire to make Italy great and regain the power it had before the beginning of World War One. Mussolini’s major aim was to impose Fascist ideology just like Hitler was obsessed with his Nazi ideology. The Italian leader wanted to regain the confidence of his nation which he tried to achieve though means of propaganda just like Hitler. Moreover, he tried to demonstrate a united nation which would strengthen the country. He was particularly concerned with Italy’s economy and especially of his aim to make Italy economically self –sufficient. Another aim of his which should be taken into consideration was to prepare Italians for military success through a larger and more vigorous population. Unlike Hitler, Mussolini tried very hard to inflict Fascism from a very early age since he knew that the older are harder to manipulate. Therefore, he put great emphasis on propaganda in schools Italians schools. In fact the ideal young Fascist would be one that hates fear and loves hard...