This paper is attempting to address the problem of air pollution with a feasible solution in Kabul city which is nowadays a virtual threat to the life of Kabul citizens. Kabul city was designed for about one million people and was a haven for it’s of residence but now Kabul is home to around the five million people. Hence, since Kabul has come to known as the city of hope and opportunity, it has faced large scale immigration and unplanned housing this has resulted to turn Kabul into one of the world most dirties city. After more than 3 decades of conflict, Afghanistan is busy rebuilding and establishing itself. A lot of preexisting services, facilities, and capacities have either been destroyed by war or no longer meet the growing demands of the population. As the economy grows, there are increasing demands for energy and mobility. Households and industries are forced to resort to using adulterated fuels and even garbage as fuels for heating and cooking. Also, due to second-hand vehicles which uses poor-quality fuel and with high rates of emissions are increasingly being imported into Afghanistan. The major sources of air pollution in Afghanistan are the transport and energy sectors. The country’s main pollutant is particulate matter. The predicted ambient concentrations are very high and are likely to result in significant impacts on the health of the population. Toxic gas emissions may be expected from the use of plastic and rubber as fuels. After more than 30 years, it will be the first time in decades that environmental issues, such as air quality, are given any attention. Afghanistan is still in its initial stages in establishing its capacity to manage the quality of air. A large number of the necessary components of air quality management are still lacking, but in this paper I will introduce the vital steps that could reduce the problem of air pollution and Afghanistan may be headed toward the right direction of building a good air quality management system.
Due to years of war and conflicts the city infrastructure has been crippled and devastated.
Background to the Problem (how and why it begun and what public demand)
Nature of the Problem
The country is just recovering from about 3 decades of war and conflict. It is only recently that environmental issues are given attention by both the Government and the citizens. NEPA, the
Agency responsible for environmental protection matters in Afghanistan has been set up just a year ago. As with other environmental issues that Afghanistan is facing, there is still no law that will specifically address the country’s air pollution problem. The recently approved Environmental Act 2005 formalized the mandate given to NEPA to manage the environment and to provide the legal framework for environmental protection in Afghanistan. With assistance from international organizations, such as ADB and UNEP, the Government is also working on drafting an Air Pollution regulation. Although NEPA has...