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Airplanes In Ww1 Essay

2167 words - 9 pages

The First World War was monumental in history because of all the new technology that was introduced. One particular area that developed during the Great War was the use of airplanes by the German and Allied militaries. In comparison, they both had different mentalities towards an invention that was only made successful less than a decade before the outbreak of war in 1914 by the Wright Brothers in North Carolina, United States. The German Military welcomed the idea with open arms, investing in its potential for military uses, whereas the Allies remained reserved and hesitant, claiming that aircraft could not be used for anything more offensive than reconnaissance missions. These differences in opinions later affected the development of each air force. The German military kept making consistent improvements to their equipment whereas the allied pilots were slow in their respective air force evolution. However, there was a common progression that both militaries had which was the slow phasing out of the cavalry on either side due to the effectiveness of the aircrafts reconnaissance and battle capabilities. During the World War One, the German military took advantage of the new technology available to them, which gave significant results, whereas the Allies had a more traditional mindset and followed behind at a slower pace.
The Central Powers have accepted new technology within their history without much opposition. One example of this fact is based on how prepared the German military was when World War One erupted. By 1914 the German military had 230 aircraft listed on paper with at least 180 of them manufactured and ready. Which when compared to the ninety (three squadrons of thirty) that the British contributed, was almost twice that of their opponents. This statistic demonstrates how serious each party was towards the evolution of their aviation industry. One of the reasons that the German Military invested more into the new flying machine was because they had already witnessed the advantage of having an aerial view of the enemy by using hot air balloons during the Franco-Prussian war during 1870 and 1871 to carry people and messages from one place to another. Unfortunately, the balloons were not the most maneuverable vehicle and were easy targets when trying to cross enemy lines. So, when the Orville and Wilbur Wright invented the early airplane in 1903, this brought a solution for the conflict that Germany had already experienced and they could already see the potential that was hidden in the new machine, and started investing and manufacturing. The Allied powers had less forethought, since many British Generals believed that aircraft would be a nuisance to the Cavalry’s horses, and that they would not be much use outside of reconnaissance missions. This was a very traditional, rather than progressive mindset that the English had for the first half of the war.
However, there was another leading voice among the Allied powers; the...

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