Al Qaeda is a terrorist organization established in Peshawar, Pakistan, between 1988 or 1989 by Osama bin laden and his teacher Abullah Yusuf Azzam. Al-Qaeda is an international terrorist network that considered the top terrorist threat to the United States. Al Qaeda is seeking to get rid of all westerns from Muslims territory and replace their own Islamic regime. They are a group of people who work to gather to plan act of terrorism against Muslim and non Muslim especially United State. Al Qaeda believes that they are fighting a holy war against enemy of their religion. People from many countries have joined this group including Afghanistan, Pakistan and Britain. This paper is going to present a brief historical background of Al Qaeda that how it emerged with their ideology, view, believe, and goals they have and also it presents the Activities which this group has been done before and after the very massive attack they had in US in September 11, 2001 and the international responses to this act of violence. Finally this paper will end up with comparing this Organization (Al Qaeda) with Reverend Mike Bray the Christian terrorist.
Historical Background of Al Qaeda
Al Qaeda is leading by Osama bin laden that was born and grown up in Saudi Arabia; his family was very rich and respected by Saudi Royal household and the public. When he finished his University in Saudi Arabia, he becomes an extreme religious person. Osama started to help Islamist movement against communist in Yemen (Gunaratna, 2005) . In December 1997 when Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan he went to Pakistan and then Afghanistan to help Afghan group to protect it from Soviet Union. At the time a Palestinian Jordanian, Dr Abdullah Azzam established Maktab al khidmat lil Mujahidin al Arab (MAK), which provided helps to Arab Mujahidin and their families (Gunaratna, 2005). Bin laden joined Azzam and become Azzam’s deputy. Bin Laden and Azzam decided to form a group that could gather all the Muslim world into a single unites.
Moreover, Bin laden with other Egyptian associates of Al Qaeda wanted to have an action of terrorism against Egypt and some other secular regimes. However Azzam was against this Attack as he lived in Egypt he knew the consequence of it so he did not help Osama bin laden and went in his own way. Then Azzam was assassinated by one Egyptian Al Qaeda in Peshawar, Pakistan (Gunaratna, 2005). Once Azzam died, bin laden took the responsibility of MAK but later on changed it. By using the camps and trainers of MAK bin laden constructed Al Qaeda. Al Qaeda is a universal aggressive and radical Sunni Muslims who are calling for global jihad. The term jihad has different meaning in Islam. In Arabic jihad means Struggle which is divided into two parts by Islamic scholars; first one is jihad al Akbar (Great jihad) it refers to the spiritual jihad and the second one is Al jihad al Asghar (lesser jihad) that try to reach the greater (Adamson, June...