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Al Qaeda Essay

1837 words - 7 pages

Al QaedaAl Qaeda is an Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in Pakistan between August 1988 and late 1989.It operates as a stateless army and a radical Sunni Muslim movement calling for global Jihad and a strict interpretation of sharia law.The origins of Al Qaeda are rooted in the Afghanistan resistance to the Soviet invasion from 1979 to 1989. Believing that the war with the Soviet Union was a holy battle between Islam and the infidel, Osama Bin Laden, the son of a wealthy Saudi contractor, traveled to Afghanistan to aid in the fight. At the time of the war, Afghanistan lacked both the infrastructure and manpower for a long-drawn-out war. Osama Bin Laden joined forces with Sheikh Dr. Abdullah Azzam, leader of the Palestinian Muslim Brotherhood, to establish the Maktab al-Khidamat (MAK) or the Afghan Services Bureau. The goal of the Afghan Services Bureau or MAK was to recruit Muslim fighters from around the world to fight in Afghanistan. Bin Laden paid for the Muslin fighters transportation and training, while Afghan locals provided land and resources. In 1988, Bin Laden broke ties with Abdullah Azzam and formed Al Qaeda (The Base) and declared his own jihad on a worldwide scale.Bin Laden, further angered by the United States presence in Saudi Arabia during the Gulf War, became even more outspoken. Bin Laden, along with his immediate family and his loyal band of followers moved to Sudan. In 1994, the Saudi government revoked Bin Laden's citizenship for his opposition to the Saudi government. You may note in your term paper that while in Sudan, Bin Laden established businesses, paved roads, built an airport, and created training camps to supply out of work mujahedin or holy warrior with jobs. The organization become virtually synonymous, Bin Laden needed a second hand because if he die needed someone that can manage the organization and he decided to put to his top advisor Al-Zawahiri, if Bin Laden die he is going to be the successor. Al-Zawahiri is an Egyptian surgeon from an upper-class family. He joined the country's Islamist movement in the late 1970s.With the structure of the Organization; Al Qaeda started to decided was gone to be the places and cities that they had to attack, for this they recruit members from thousands of "Arab Afghan" veterans and radicals around the world. The Ideology and message of this organization is that they are different for others organization as an IRA, they not depend on the sponsorship of a political state, they had their own money and their own sponsorship. Their ideology of the organization is expressed by liberate the Muslims countries of the American influence. The idea of the Leader of the Organization Bin Landen was to unified all the Muslims Nations and establish, by force if necessary, an Islamic nation adhering to the rule of the first Caliphs.In only 3 years the organization was expanded secretly in others countries in the Middle East, they were preparing to his first terrorist attack...

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