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Al Razi; The Intellectual Figure Of The Abbasid Dynasty

916 words - 4 pages

Mohammad ibn Zakariya al Razi was born in Reyy, Tehran. Razi was a polymath, chemist, philosopher and physician. He won the title of ‘firsts’ in many of his works such as diagnosing smallpox from measles and discovering chemical compounds such as kerosene and alcohol. Razi served at courts as a physician and was in charge of two hospitals in Reyy and Baghdad. Some of his works under the title of medicine such as “Kitab al- Mansoori”, “Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb” and “Kitab al-Mulooki” are used till present and his contributions to medicine are considered to be everlasting. Razi is known to have written around 200 books on subjects such as medicine, philosophy, alchemy, astronomy, theology and ...view middle of the document...

“Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb” is a compilation of collection of medical notes and observations that Razi had experienced. It is known as the largest medical encyclopedia composed at his time, which was translated to Latin in the 13th century. One of the other well known books is “Al Judari wa al Hasbah” which was the first book written specifically for smallpox and measles. In this book, Razi mentions: “The eruption of smallpox is preceded by a continued fever, pain in the back, itching in the nose and nightmares during sleep. These are the more acute symptoms of its approach together with a noticeable pain in the back accompanied by fever...” (Muhammad ibn Zakariya al-Razi: Contributions to medicine. Wikipedia Web site). In this book, Razi mentions the symptoms and cures for the two diseases, smallpox and measles. In addition to his diagnostics and contributions, Razi introduced several ethics in medicine. He believed that the doctor’s aim is to ‘do good’, even to their enemies or that the physician must always make the patient believe that he will recover, as the state of the body is linked to the state of mind. Razi had also mentioned the use of drugs in one of his notes: “If the physician is able to treat with nutrients, not medication, then he has succeeded. If, however, he must use medication, then it should be simple remedies and not compound ones.” (Al-Razi and Islamic medicine in the 9th Century. James Lind Library Web site). Apart from “Kitab al-Hawi fi al-tibb” and “Al Judari wa al Hasbah”, Razi had written numerous books on medicine titled as: “Proving the Science of Medicine”, “Outcome of the Science of Medicine” and “The Experimentation of Medical Science and its Application”.

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