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Alayna Guiteri Essay

1724 words - 7 pages

A considerable amount of author’s use their own unique writing style to prove a point, share an opinion, and establish a theme. Lord of the flies and I Only Came to Use the Phone is no different. They use certain symbols such as the conch, the beast, Herculina, and the sanatorium to show the cruelty that happens within these societies. The authors show exactly how these societies would be considered inhumane and cruel, following with the effects of these horrible societies. In Lord of the Flies and I Only Came to Use the Phone, Golding and Marquez use explicit symbolism to show how cruel and inhuman these societies are towards their inhabitants, following along with the gruesome effects that ...view middle of the document...

Maria is determined to use the phone and call her husband so she can get out of that place. The sanatorium is supposed to be used as a place to better yourself and get the help you need and the author took it a whole different direction and made it a place that people hate and can’t wait to get out of, and that’s what makes it so inhumane and cruel. Marquez also used the character Herculina to show how cruel these societies are to its inhabitants. For example, “She was in charge of difficult cases and two inmates had been strangled to death by her polar bear arm skilled in the art of killing by mistake.” (Marquez, 75) Herculina has killed inmates before, and she most certainly would do it again. The matrons push aside her actions as if that’s okay and they pretend it didn’t even happen. This first handedly shows how this society is cruel and inhumane to the people who live there. The author uses Herculina to symbolize the society itself and how gruesome it is to the inhabitants. Golding also uses symbolization to demonstrate the ferocious acts of society. The conch was used as a huge part of Lord of the Flies. For example, “Then I’ll give him the conch? That’s what the shell is called I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak. He can hold it when he’s speaking” (Golding, 33) The conch is a small amount of humanity that’s left on the island but that slowly demolishes as the time goes on in the book. The conch has a major effect on the boys “The conch exploded into a thousand fragments and ceased to exist” (Golding, 181) as the book progressed forward, Golding showed the conch change from the beginning of the book to the end. It showed power and order in the beginning like a good society has but unfortunately is destroyed by the end and is the end result of an inhumane society. Golding also uses the beast to symbolize the cruel society and how it treats its inhabitants. This is shown by “The beast had teeth said Ralph and big black eyes” (Golding, 124) Golding uses the words “big black eyes” to describe the beast. Usually, black is associated with darkness and evil and that’s exactly what this beast is causing. The beast is causing discord and chaos between the boys; it’s cruel and evil and eventually drives the boys completely mad, such as Jack, Simon, and Ralph. The society they live in caused such a negative effect on the boy’s minds and emotions, Golding wanted the beast to symbolize that.
Both of the authors specifically demonstrate just exactly how these societies are inhumane and cruel. In I Only Came to Use the Phone Maria goes through unnecessary circumstances. For example, “They had to inject Maria with a sedative to make her sleep the first night…she was tied to metal bars of the bed by her wrists and ankles.” (Marquez 95) Maria was tied to her bed, because she had woken up in the middle of the night because she craved a cigarette. This negatively shows the way society treats its people. The patients shouldn’t be treated this...

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