Alcohol is a widely used substance for both science and in technology. Its name
comes from an Arabic word al-kuhl meaning ' a powder for painting the eyes'. The term
was later applied to all compounds that contain alcoholic spirits.
To most people alcohol is considerd a downer that reduces activity in the nervous
system. Some of the things alcohol effects you is, the alcohol intoxicated person exhibits
lose muscle tone, loss of fine moter coordination,and often has a staggering 'drunken'
gait. The eyes may appear somewhat 'glossy' and pupils may be slow to respond to
stimulus. At high doses pupils may become constricted. At intoxing doses, alcohol can
decrease heart rate, lower blood pressure and respiration rate, and result in decreased
reflex and slower reaction times. Skin may be cool to touch but to the user may feel
warm or normal, profuse sweating may accompany alcohol use. Loose muscle tone, lose
of fine motor coordination,odor of alcohol on the breath,and a stagging 'drunken'gait.
The effects of alcohol intoxication are greatly influenced by individual variations
among users. Some users may become intoxicated at a much lower Blood Alcohol
Concentration (BAC) level that I am about to show you. Along with drinking their are
different levels to it:
0.02-0.03 BAC: No loss of coorination,slight euphoria and loss of shyness. Depressant
effects are not apparent.
0.04-0.06 BAC: Feeling of well-being, relaxation, lower inhibitions, sensation of warmth.
Some minor impairment of reasoning and memory, lowering of caution.
0.07-0.09 BAC: Slight impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction time, and hearing.
Judgement and self-control are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are impaired.
0.10-1.125 BAC: Signficant impairment of moter coordination and loss of good
judgement. Speech may be slurred; balance, vision,reaction time and hearing will be
impaired. (It is illegal to operate a motor vehicle at this level of intoxication.)
0.13-0.15 BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. BLurred vision
and major loss of balance. Euphoria is reduced and dysphoria beginning to appear.
0.16-0.20 BAC: Dysphoria (anxiety,restlessness) predominates, nausea may appear. The
drinker has the appearance of a 'sloppy drunk.'
0.25 BAC: Needs assistance in walking; total mental confusion. Dysphoia with nausea
and some vomiting.
0.30 BAC: Loss of consciousness.
0.40 BAC and up: Onset of coma,possible death due to respiratory arrest.
WHAT IS CONSIDERED A DRINK:
A drink that contains a half-ounce of alcohol or more. The amount you would
problibly find in a 12 ounce can of beer, 4 ounce glass of table wine, 1 ounce shot of
100% destilled spirits such as whiskey or vodka. Generally this is the amount of alcohol a
person can metabolize in about an hour. But of course it also depends on other stuff.
The way to see the...