Alcohol Dependence Essay

1133 words - 5 pages

Alcohol Use Disorders are disorders that are caused by the intake of alcohol over a period of time and in ways that lead to harms with health, personal relationships, school, or work. Different alcohol use disorders comprise alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, alcohol intoxication, and alcohol withdrawal. A person with alcohol dependence has an increased tolerance to alcohol or symptoms of withdrawal after the stop of alcohol ingestion. People who are dependent on alcohol may spend considerable amounts of time drinking alcohol despite the fact that they are fully knowledgeable of the destructive characteristics of the drug.
A person abusing alcohol begins to disregard his/her responsibilities in school, at work, or socially because of alcohol use. Also, the alcohol abuser may engage in dangerous activities while intoxicated. Starting with using alcohol as a social drinker, a person will rapidly change their consumption to drinking for the purpose of getting drunk. These people are often drunk in public which leads to many arrests. Alcohol intoxication can often cause a person to undergo emotional conversions such as moodiness or irritability. The person may also experience physical changes like slurred speech and poor coordination. Extreme alcohol use may lead to memory loss called "blackouts". Alcohol Poisoning is when so much alcohol is consumed that death can occur if it is not pumped out of the stomach.
Alcohol withdrawal follows the discontinuation of the heavy use of alcohol. It happens because the body has become dependent on the alcohol in the blood for small tasks. When the entire “normal amount” of alcohol is stopped suddenly, the body retaliates with increasingly horrific symptoms. The person in alcohol withdrawal may have such symptoms as rapid pulse, sweating, nausea, vomiting, hallucinations, and seizures.
Although alcohol abuse is seen widely in the United States, there is a higher rate of alcohol related disorders among lower socioeconomic and poorly educated groups. This means that the majority of alcohol abusers use alcohol because they cannot comprehend the negative effects it has. Inner-city people at a low socioeconomic level only see the relief of pressure that alcohol ensures. Recent studies show that all alcohol abuse is not environmentally exposed as was previously thought. There are genes found on the DNA strand that predispose children to abuse alcohol. Many of these children are sufferers of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS). On the other hand, children who watch their parents abuse alcohol as youth are more than likely to repeat the exhibited actions later on in adulthood.
Alcoholism is another alcohol disorder that is becoming widespread in the US. Many people consider alcoholism and alcohol abuse to be the same. However, a person who abuses alcohol does not crave alcohol or become dependent on it. The alcohol abuser has a pattern of excessive drinking that results in poor judgment and recurring social, legal,...

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