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Alcohol Drinking Age Essay

1060 words - 5 pages

Throughout the years, the age for consumption and purchase of alcohol has frequently changed. One of the many reasons it is now back to the age of 21, is because of past occurrences that have happened when the age was lower. Citizens, who believe the age should be the same as the voting age, are usually around that age, 18. Although the opinions of some people is to change the legal drinking age to the legal voting age, many disadvantages would occur if the legal drinking age was changed to 18, such as vehicle related accidents, alcohol poisonings, & unintelligent community related decisions.
Many changes have occurred through the years as far as changing the legal drinking age. In 1934, you had to be 21 years old to purchase and consume any type of alcohol beverage. In 1974, you could be 18 and purchase any beer product, but the wine and liquors age remained at 21. In 1981, if you were on premises, you could be 18 years old for consumption, but if you were off premises, you had to be 19 for consumption. 2 years after that in 1983, the age was 19 for all beer sales. Only 2 years later, they changed it so that if you were born on or after July 1, 1966 you were able to purchase all types of alcohol on your 21st birthday, and if you were born before that date, you retained beer purchases. The last year anything changed was in 1987 when the age was raised to 21 for all types of alcohol consumption.
Alcohol at a young age can include many serious injuries, including vehicle accidents. According to M.A.D.D. (Mothers against Drunk Driving)”In 2010 the highest drunk driving rates were found amongst those ages 21 to 25 (23.4%), and 18 to 20 (15.1%). After age 25, the drunk driving rates decrease.” Many new drivers are around the age of 18. This concludes in an average of 17,000 underage drinkers die each year because of drunk driving. After the age of 25, the rates decrease because of maturity level increase. 1/3 of car crash deaths involve alcohol. In 2005, 23% of young drivers were killed in motor vehicle crashes because of BAC (blood alcohol content).
BAC can also conclude into another serious part of underage drinking, alcohol poisoning. Alcohol at a young age can cause lots of serious health problems. According to The Center for Science in the Public Interest, "44% of students attending 4-year colleges drink alcohol at the binge level or greater." On college campus’, many keg parties go on and fake ID’s are frequently found in those minor’s wallets. Recently, 30,000 students needed medical treatment for cope alcohol poisoning. Underage drinking can not only lead to health problems, but also to binge drinking. (Binge drinkers are very heavy drinkers which underage drinker’s rate is at about 22 %.)
Drinking at a younger age can also have an effect on the people around that underage drinker. People under the age of 21 are frequently found in some kind of trouble with their local community. This includes sexual behavior, academic failure, drug...

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