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Alcoholism Essay

1115 words - 4 pages

Alcoholism is a primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychological, and environmental factors influencing its development. As this disease progresses, it becomes fatal. It is characterized by continuous or periodic; impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, and mostly denial.Primary is referring to the nature of alcoholism as a disease. Primary implies that alcoholism is an addiction, not a symptom of a disease state. It also suggests that when alcohol coexists with other conditions, therapies applied to them are ineffective until the alcoholism is dealt with.Disease means an involuntary disability. It represents the sum of abnormal state displayed by a group of individuals. These states are associated with a specific, common, set of characteristics by which these individuals differ from the norm and which places them at a disadvantage.Often progressive and fatal means that the disease persists over time and that physical, psychological, and emotional change may progress as drinking continues. Alcohol causes premature death through overdose; organic complications involving the brain, liver, heart, and other organs; and by contributing to suicide, homicide, motor vehicle crashes, and other traumatic events.Impaired control means the inability to limit alcohol use or consistently limit on any drinking occasions for the duration of the episode, the quantity consumed, and the behavioral consequences of drinking.Preoccupation, with alcohol use, means excessive focused attention given to the drug alcohol, its effects, and its use. The value given to alcohol by the individual often leads to the taking away of energies away from important life functions.Adverse consequences are alcohol-related problems or impairments in such areas as Physical health - alcohol withdrawal symptoms, liver disease, gastritis, anemia, pancreatic and neuralgic disorders. Interpersonal functioning such as - marital problems, child abuse, impaired social relationships. Occupational functioning such as - scholastic or job problems; and legal, financial, or spiritual problems.Denial is a range of psychological maneuvers designed to help reduce awareness of the fact that alcohol is the cause of a one's problems instead of having a solution to the problems. Denial becomes an integral part of the disease and a major obstacle to recovery.There are many positive reasons for drinking alcohol. Such reasons include: Celebrating significant occasions with friends or loved ones. Enhancing enjoyment of social activities and relaxation. Complementing certain meals. Participating in religious ceremonies. Enjoying the taste as a beverage of choice.On the flip side, there are many negative reasons for drinking alcohol. They include: Escaping from tension or worries. Blocking out painful feelings such as fear, loneliness, and self-doubt. Attempting to relate better to people. A substitute for...

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