Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse
*Missing Works Cited*
What Alcoholism & Alcohol Abuse is all about.
Alcoholism is a very serious disease, which can cause illness, death, injuries, schooling problems, family breakups, and crime. It is a proven fact the alcohol kills more people than any other illegal drugs combined. Yet alcohol courses freely through American society, from college bars to corporate lunches. In a recent article from a journal named: The Scientist it is stated "Technology shows alcohol abuse changes brain's molecular programming and circuitry." Alcohol is a quick fix that will hurt us all in the long run.
There are many different types of drugs, anti-depressants, depressants, hallucinogenic… Alcohol can be used to help people make decisions. "Alcohol is a depressant"(Exploring Psychology). "Small amounts of alcohol will enliven a drinker, by slowing brain activity that controls judgment and inhibitions"(Exploring Psychology). "Here is a harmful tendency that alcohol increases, sexually coercive college men try to disinhibit their dates by getting them to drink. Also it is proven that people who go to a resuraunt for and extended period of time have the tendency to tip better when buzzed"(Exploring Psychology).
Researchers have suspected for years that chronic alcohol abuse and alcoholism can change the programming within a human brain, particularly in the regions involving judgment, and making decisions. Throughout the years we have become susceptible to alcohol, everybody in the past decades and centuries drank. As to how much they drank we don't know. Within this study of the alcohol that affects our brains scientists have stated, " Cell and animal studies have consistently indicated that changes in gene expression in the brain appear to be responsible for the tolerance, dependence, and neurotoxicity produced by chronic alcohol abuse"(The Boston Globe). To do this project the scientist had to breed a mouse that drank alcohol over water, and they did. Scientist have a new breed of mice that will drink alcohol over water. When thinking of the effects of alcohol there are a few things that come to mind: slow reactions, speech slurs, and skilled performance deteriorate.
One must consider genetic influences when judging an alcoholic. For example, adopted individuals are more susceptible to alcoholism if one or both biological parents had a history of alcoholism. Scientists have found a gene that is more common among alcoholics, especially severe alcoholics. Also boys who at age 6 are excitable, impulsive, and fearless are more likely as teens to smoke, drink, and use other drugs.
Alcoholism is a battle that far too many people are loosing. Results from the National Household Survey (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 1998) suggest that as many as 40 million Americans drink more than the moderate drinking levels recommended by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (it varies for different...