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Aldous Huxley’s Dystopia As Relating To Society Today

893 words - 4 pages

Technology is the application of scientific knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society, and the environment. It concerns itself with such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science and pure science and is utilized for practical purposes. Though technology offers a variety of gadgets that work to the advance of humanity, it can also harm society extensively by dispersing a certain degree of power to individuals that can be abused. In his essay, Neil Postman, a social critic contrasts the proposed future of George Orwell's in his novel 1984 (1948) with that of Aldous Huxley in Brave New World (1932). Postman maintains that Huxley's vision of the future is more pertinent to today's society than Orwell's mostly because the themes that he includes in his dystopian society are present and are very similar to those in Brave New World. Overall, it is safe to say that Huxley’s vision of the future is an indulgent one and is one that today’s society is prone to experience because of the increasing dependency on technology.
Though the problems that Orwell fears do exist and have been present throughout the history of the United States, they are not as likely to ruin us as a society as Huxley’s predictions. In Orwell's negative utopia or dystopia, there is a totalitarian government that controls every aspect of its citizens’ lives including their private life, what they think, and what they believe. In 1984, a political body known as the Party rules the state Oceania. One technique that the Party utilizes to control the people of Oceania is psychological manipulation in which the government uses propaganda and doublethink to send contradictory messages such as "war is peace", "slavery is freedom”, and " ignorance is strength". Propaganda has in fact been used in the United States for a number of reasons one being for the war effort. In World War I, the American people felt that propaganda was strictly a tool of totalitarian governments and that it tainted basic rights. Around the time Orwell wrote 1984, US policy makers created a domestic propaganda effort to rouse support for a harsh peace for the German people, which in turn meant treating all German people like the Nazis. In addition, other propaganda campaigns have existed to promote anti-German, anti-Italian, and anti-Japanese sentiments through posters, leaflets, and even comic books. However, as time progresses, the usage of propaganda in the United States tends to outweigh the bad and has even been noted to be positively effective in the United States to promote public service and a stand against such issues like animal cruelty and pollution. Another problem, Orwell addresses in his novel is the government...

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