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Alexander Berkman And Emma Goldman Their Radical Communist Views And Goals.

910 words - 4 pages

Mother RussiaAlexander Berkman and Emma Goldman, both Russian immigrants, were the unmatched duo of Anarchy during the early 1900's. They both believed strongly that the government of the United States was looking out for its own good, not for the good of the people, and therefore must be extinguished. Theodore Roosevelt was a highly regarded progressive president, making reforms and trying to improve the quality of life in the country he led, and Berkman and Goldman hated him for it. Through active protesting, deception, and even attempted murder, these two anarchists have shown clear motive for the murder of Theodore Roosevelt.Theodore Roosevelt, Assuming the presidency of the assassinated McKinley in 1901, embarked on a rampage of government reform and conservation of the environment. He ordered antitrust suits against several large corporations, and, in general, championed the rights of the "little man" and fought the "malefactors of great wealth." He was also responsible for such progressive legislation as the Elkins Act of 1903, which outlawed freight rebates by railroads; the bill establishing the Department of Commerce and Labor; the Hepburn Act, which gave the I.C.C. greater control over the railroads; the Meat Inspection Act; and the Pure Food and Drug Act. Aware of the strategic need for a shortcut between the Atlantic and Pacific, Roosevelt ensured the construction of the Panama Canal. He won the Nobel Peace Prize for mediating the Russo-Japanese War, reached a Gentleman's Agreement on immigration with Japan, and sent the Great White Fleet on a goodwill tour of the world. Roosevelt also loved the environment. He added enormously to the national forests in the West, reserved lands for public use, and fostered great irrigation projects. He was a man of great help to the American people. Nonetheless, Berkman and Goldman didn't want him in power (Biography of Theodore Roosevelt).Emma Goldman is known as a rebel, an anarchist, a feminist, a lecturer, a writer, and an ardent proponent of birth control and free speech. Born in a Jewish ghetto, she moved to Königsberg and St. Petersburg early in life, where she became involved with university radicals. Goldman later left for America in 1885 with her half sister Helen, working in the textile industry in Rochester, New York. Briefly married in 1887, Goldman moved to New York in 1889 where she quickly became active in the anarchist movement. She became one of the most outspoken and well known of American radicals, lecturing and writing on anarchism, women's rights and other political topics. Goldman served prison and jail terms for such activities as advising the unemployed to take bread if their pleas for food were not answered, for giving information in a lecture on birth control, and for opposing military conscription. In 1908, she was deprived of her citizenship. Later, in 1917,...

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