This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Alexander Fleming And Penicillin Essay

1962 words - 8 pages

What is the Nobel Prize? The Nobel Prize is an international award given every year since 1901 to recognize people for their achievements and years of hard work and determination. The prize was created by Alfred Nobel and today it is awarded by the Nobel Foundation. There were originally five categories of this award but today there are six, which are the Nobel Prize in Physics, the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, the Nobel Prize in Medicine, the Nobel Prize in Literature, the Nobel Peace Prize and the Prize in Economics, which was the last one added. Since 1901 more than 700 people and organizations have received a Nobel Prize. However, in 1945 the Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to a man known by many for his discovery of Penicillin. His name was Sir Alexander Fleming.His Early YearsSir Alexander Fleming was born on August 6th, 1881 in Lochfield near Darvel in Ayrshire, Scotland. Fleming had six siblings and lived with his parents. As a young boy Alec, how his family called him, was very bright. He began attending school at the age of of five. When he was twelve he entered the Kilmanrock Academy, a middle school, but since it was so far away he had to live with his aunt during the week and go back home on Fridays. Two years later, his older brother Hugh, who had taken the role of the man of the house when their father died, sent him to live in London with his two other brothers and sister Mary. There he enrolled in the prominent Regent Street Polytechnic Institute.During his two years there he impressed everyone with his "very casual studying habits. While his classmates would pore over their textbooks for hours Alec late at night or just before school in the morning would briefly thumb through his work" and incredibly he got good grades in all his tests. (Bankston 14) However, at the age of sixteen he had to drop out of school because his family couldn't afford the high costs of attending school and so he started working as a clerk in a shipping company. He found his job to be boring and so he tried finding excitement in other things such as sports. He was finally able to leave his job after he received an inheritance from an uncle. At this time he didn't know what to do with his life but encouraged by his brother Tom he decided to study medicine.In 1901 he enrolled in the St. Mary's Hospital Medical School which was one of London's newest teaching medical schools however, didn't really have a good reputation due to its location and overwhelming debts that affected its development. However, Alec was decided to attend this school. There Fleming, with the same studying habits he had in school, was able to excel, obtaining several awards and even a scholarship that paid for his expenses. Fleming was interested in becoming a surgeon, since they "were the doctors with the most respect and the highest pay. He planned to focus on delivering babies, and spent a month going to the crowded homes of Paddington's poorest residents, often delivering an...

Find Another Essay On Alexander Fleming and Penicillin

Is Penicillin as Important Today as When It Was First Discovered?

1278 words - 5 pages , a most deadly battlefield infection. From Jan. to May 1943, only 400 million units of penicillin had been made; by the time the war ended, United State companies were making 650 billion units a month (Tames).NUMBERS OF LIVES SAVEDSince the discovery of penicillin, it has saved millions of lives by stopping the growth of the bacteria that are responsible for blood poisoning and many other once fatal diseases ("Alexander Fleming: Penicillin the

History and Development Essay

904 words - 4 pages Penicillin is an Antibiotics; Penicillin is also known as the miracle drug. In the year 1928 Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin when clearing up old petri dishes from a previous lab experiment at St. Mary’s hospital in London. Alexander had found mould had contaminated one of his experiment, he then experiments and found that the mould was in fact an antibacterial agent that could kill many harmful bacteria. Around the mould there was a

The Discoveries of New Medicines back in 1800-1900

693 words - 3 pages , Alexander Fleming, discovered the properties of antibiotic in penicillin. Fleming had conceived the miracle drug in 1928, when he got back from his holiday, he had piled cultures of staphylococci in his laboratory, and noticed that one of the cultures were contaminated. The culture was dotted with colonies, but there was one area where a splotch of mold was growing, which he later observed. From his observation, he had discovered that colonies of

Penicillin: The Miracle Drug

2025 words - 9 pages Penicillin was one of the very first antibiotics. It is often referred to as "the miracle drug" because of its effectiveness against many harmful and deadly bacteria. With its discovery by Alexander Fleming in 1928, penicillin has proven to be a major contribution to the medical field. Penicillin is responsible for preventing the spreading of infectious illnesses, and for improving military medicine. It has revolutionized the study of medicine

The Comparison of Creationists

1646 words - 7 pages during this time that Alexander Fleming made a revolutionary contribution to the field of medicine. While throwing out old Petri dishes, Alexander Fleming noticed that mold had developed on his specimen. He studied this further and ended up discovering a new medicine. His accidental discovery of penicillin may not have been planned, but it has changed the pharmaceutical and medical field forever. Penicillin has saved thousands, if not millions of

The Greatest Discovery in Biomedicine: Penicillin

661 words - 3 pages were putting bread with molds on bleeding wounds. However, it is assumed that the discovery of the penicillin as antibiotic belongs to Alexander Fleming in 1928. American Chemical Society (2004) states that Alexander Fleming was examining petri dishes with the colonies of pathogenic bacteria when saw the unusual thing: in the petri dish contaminated with mold bacteria were not growing at all. As a result, the work of separation of the substance

Scientific Advances After World War I

1021 words - 5 pages After World War I, there were many advances in scientific thought. These advances were key in helping the United States of America win World War II. Alexander Fleming, Marie Curie, Albert Einstein, and Sigmund Freud were very important in these findings. Alexander Fleming, a scientist from Scotland, accidentally made his scientific discovery in 1928. He discovered a type of nontoxic mold that kills bacteria (6). He named the mold penicillin

Inventions of the 1920's

1711 words - 7 pages inventors, the reason these great inventions worked, included many average men. Some of the top inventors of the decade included: Carl Eliason, John Larson, Earle Dickson, John Taliaferro Thompson, and Alexander Fleming (All sources). These inventors worked hard to make life enjoyable and safe, and in the 1920’s many great inventions were born; some of these inventions included the television, band aid, penicillin, Thompson sub-machine gun, and

History of Chemisry

1052 words - 5 pages Penicillin was first noticed in 1896, by Ernest Duchesne. Thirty-two years later Alexander Fleming noticed it as well, when he was working at St. Mary’s Hospital which is located in London. He observed that when bacteria had become contaminated by, Penicillium fungi, the bacteria nearest to the mold had started to die. In 1929, he named the substance Penicillin and he released his observations he had done through his investigations. He

Medical advancements in World War Two

1734 words - 7 pages thousands of soldiers in World War II and are considered to be the most important medical advancements in the war."Penicillin fought for the soldier as bravely as the soldier fought for his country" (www.lib.niu.edu). Out of the three innovations in medicine during World War II, penicillin undoubtedly was the most important. Penicillin was invented by Dr. Alexander Fleming in 1928 and was crucial in saving lives of soldiers on D-Day where stockpiles

Penicillium

959 words - 4 pages 1927, Alexander Fleming had been studying the properties of staphylococci, a genus of gram-positive bacteria. After leaving a sample of staphylococcus alone for a few months, he noticed that the culture had been covered in a fungus. However, the nearby staphylococcus had been completely removed, whereas the cultures farther away had been less affected. Taking the fungi and growing it in a pure culture, and it produced a substance to destroy

Similar Essays

An Accidental Discovery: Sir Alexander Fleming And Penicillin

1579 words - 6 pages effectiveness in curing diseases that had previously been thought to be incurable and by preventing infection. In 1945, Alexander Fleming, Ernst Chain, and Howard Florey received the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine. During the award banquet, Fleming gave a speech about his discoveries of lysozyme and penicillin. In his speech, Fleming said that he believed it was destiny that brought about the discovery of penicillin rather than his own

Alexander Fleming: The Discovery Of Penicillin

2185 words - 9 pages Sir Alexander Fleming changed the world of medicine not only in his days but also in the world today. We have the medicines and antibiotics that we have today because of Alexander Fleming. His discovery was much needed in the world and I hate to think where we would be in the medicine world if he hadn’t discovered penicillin. Alexander Fleming was born on August 6, 1881 in Darvel, Ayrshire, Scotland. He was born on Lochfield Farm, which was his

Alexander Fleming And Bacteriology Essay

712 words - 3 pages surgeon for the military because he just so happened to be one of the few bacteriologists available that was there. Just imagine what would have happened if he had made a career as an eye surgeon instead! Works Cited Alexander Fleming and Penicillin, by W. Howard Hughes Men and Women of Science, the world book encyclopedia of science, by Waldemar Bojczuk

Penicillin And How It Changed The World Buckeye Highschool English Composition Research

1488 words - 6 pages entered into the human body so that it can surround and kill deadly bacterial cells (Alexander Fleming). Dr. Howard Markel, a credited writer of over 10 books and director of the Center for the History of Medicine, notes penicillin was discovered in September 1928 in London by a bacteriologist named Dr. Alexander Fleming after he had returned from vacation to a messy lab bench and some contaminated petri dishes. It was not until 1940 that