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Alexander I’s Greatest Failure As Tsar

2717 words - 11 pages

Alexander I of Russia ruled as Tsar from 1802 to his death in 1825. In this time he did a lot for Russia as country and for the administration. With ever ruler there is usually one major failure that comes to mind; George W. Bush’s post September eleventh policy, or Winston Churchill’s Gallipoli campaign. For Alexander, his greatest failure is the Holy Alliance. The Holy Alliance was a partnership of Russia, Austria and Prussia created in 1815 by Alexander. Its main goal was to instill the Christian values of charity and peace in European political life. These three leaders used this to band together against revolutionary influence from entering there nations. With the implantation of the Holy Alliance, there are three effects that made this a failure; Alexander had a shift from his original liberal ideas to very conservative reactionary ones meaning these reforms were not pushing the country forward the country was at a standstill. The next way how the Holy Alliance was a failure was the Alexander became preoccupied with preserving peace and order in fear that there might be a revolution. Alexander spent most of his last few years trying to hold together this treaty with many other nations trying not to have war break out. The last reason this was such a huge failure is that it made Alexander Obsessed with mysticism and the Christian religion. This is not necessarily a bad thing for a normal citizen but when you are trying to have some progress in nation religion needs to stay out, because of its prominently conservative reforms that come with it. It is for these reasons that Alexander’s greatest failure as Tsar is the Holy Alliance and the implications that it had on behaviors as ruler.
Before the implantation of the Holy Alliance Alexander was much more liberal of a ruler. With the backing of his trusted young friends he put in place many liberal policies’ and toyed with the notion of freeing serfs and a constitution for Russia. This liberalism stems from his upbringing and from his friends and close advisers. It was only after Alexander’s spiritual awakening and the signing of the Holy Alliance that you see a bold shift to the political right. There are many examples showing this shift to the right but three main cases where it shows the most evident. Firstly, Alexander puts Aleksey Arakcheyev in charge of full administrative responsibility. Secondly, Alexander believes that he had to sacrifice liberalism to protect the alliance system. Both of these issues show how the Holy Alliance affected his ideals from his early to late years as Tsar. First, the appointment of Aleksey Arakcheyev. Arakcheyev was appointed to deal with all administrative responsibilities and acted as Alexander’s right hand man from the years 1815 to Alexander death in 1825. Alexander knew that he had in him a servant who would never fault and never be careless, ready to take over any responsibilities that the emperor refused. This allowed Alexander to focus on other...

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