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Alexander Iii Of Macedonia Essay

1494 words - 6 pages

Alexander III of Macedonia is known as the most successful military leader and conqueror, undefeated in the field of battle. He is known as Alexander the Great, and he achieved his military success before the age of thirty. Alexander the Great, according to the biographer Arrian, “would not have been born without the intervention of the gods” and goes on to say that his life “surpasses the merely human.” Alexander, according to early historians, achieved success because of his superior intellect, creativity, and inhuman military strength and courage. He is referred as “the Great” more than any other title. According to later criticisms, however, Alexander the Great conquered Asia Minor because of many external factors and components that made a conquest of the region not only possible, but imminent. While many historians prefer to talk about Alexander’s military genius, many other factors outside of Alexander’s control are also responsible for his successful and undefeated conquest at such a young age. Alexander’s father, Philip, laid the groundwork of a military loyal to the throne. Many of the military developments used by Alexander were also actually developed by his father. The Macedonian phalanx, military drills, and its organization may have been utilized successfully in battle by Alexander, but were innovated by his father and predecessor. His father is also responsible for uniting Greece before Alexander’s rule. With a united Greece behind him, Alexander could focus all military, diplomatic and economic energy outwards and on his campaign. The campaign itself was a continuation of the plans of expansion that King Philip II was to lead until his death interrupted. Asia Minor, the area that Alexander conquered was a massive ruled by an inferior emperor that might have collapsed independently of Alexander’s actions. The Persian Empire was in a steep decline, and Alexander’s conquest came at the right time to replace the weak government leaders. After Alexander’s death, the empire declined yet again, as the region was too expansive and inflated to be ruled under one or two kings. The reason Alexander was able to conquer so much was because it was illogical to capture and control so much land at once, and the rule of Macedonia over the entire kingdom was inevitably short-lived. Alexander III, despite title of “the Great” was just the right man in the right place at the right time, rather than the unparalleled genius his contemporaries and lasting legacy suggests. Alexander achieved success and domination of Asia Minor through the acts of his father Philip II, luck, creative war tactics, and adoption of converted enemy armies.
Three years before the birth of Alexander III of Macedonia, Philip II inherited the Macedonian throne as regent after the death of his older brothers Alexander II and Perdiccas III. When he first became king, Macedon has just lost a war with the Illyrians, which caused the death of King Perdiccas III. Philip won back...

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