Alexander The Great Essay

2587 words - 10 pages

Alexander the Great

Born Late July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia Died June,10 323 BC in The Palace of Nabukodonossor, Babylon

Alexandros III Philippou Makedonon, (Alexander the Great, Alexander III of Macedon), King of Macedonia, was born in July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia. He was one of the greatest military geniuses in history. His father, Philip II of Macedon, was a brilliant ruler and strategist. His mother was Olympias, princess of Epirus, daughter of King Neoptolemus. Arixstandros Telmisy, a renowned dream interpreter, determined that Olympias was pregnant, and that the child would have the character of a lion.

Even as a young boy Alexander was fearless and strong. At the age of twelve, he tamed the beautiful and spirited Bucephalus ("ox-head" in Greek), a horse that no one else could ride. Philip was so proud of Alexander's horsemanship that he said, “O my son, seek out a kingdom worthy of thyself, for Macedonia is too little for thee.”

Alexander knew the Iliad by heart. He loved Homer, and always slept with a copy of the Iliad under his pillow. Leonidas was Alexander’s first teacher. He was a relative of Olympias. Leonidas instilled in Alexander the Spartan way of life which made Alexander into a militaristic machine. Leonidas was replaced with Lysimachus, who taught Alexander to play the lyre, and to appreciate the arts.

From age 13 to 16, together with the other boys belonging to the Macedonian aristocracy, Aristotle, at the Mieza temple, taught Alexander.

Alexander's actions were inspired by Dionysios, Hercules, Achilles, and Cyrus the Great. His actions were guided by the sprit of Homer, who appeared in his dreams. The Iliad was his manual of war. Like Achilles, he was a superhuman hero and warrior. He exposed himself often to extreme danger during battle. Alexander could support pain, hunger, thirst, heat, desperation and great suffering with immense patience, like Hercules.
Alexander admired the personality of Cyrus the Great, the founder of the Persian Empire, whose example and politics he imitated during the creation of his universal empire. Like Cyrus, Alexander respected the tradition and religion of people he dominated. The Iliad taught him that he could have only two epic and noble passions: furious anger and disinterested generous friendship.

Alexander is described as having an athletic frame, but not taller than any other common man in his day, and a white and reddish complexion. His eyes looked watery and his hair resembled that of a lion. He carried his head oblique. The greatest artists of the time made portraits of him. Lysippus made sculptures, Apelles made paintings and Pyrgoteles made gems. Among the surviving monuments, we have no completely certified portraits, except the Tivoli herm and the coins struck by his successors.

During Philip's expedition against Byzantium in 340 BC, Alexander, then sixteen years old, was left in charge of Macedonia. He took the throne like he was already king....

Find Another Essay On Alexander the Great

Alexander the Great Essay

1604 words - 6 pages Alexander the Great, son of King Philip II of Macedonia, underwent a journey of overwhelming odds. Alexander led his army through multiple victories across the Persian territories of Asia Minor, Syria and Egypt without the agony of a single defeat. A noteworthy battle of Alexander was the Battle of Gaugamela in 331 B.C.E. The Battle of Gaugamela is significant because it ended Darius’s rule over Persia. [new par.] There are several forces and

Alexander the Great. Essay

1770 words - 7 pages Alexander the Great was born on July 20, 356 B.C.E. to the Macedonian king, Philip II and to the strong-minded, Olympias. Growing up Alexander received the finest tutoring possible. He was tutored by men who essentially provided him with crucial tools to become the best. They taught him the skills of philosophy, politics, literature, healing and ethics. These fundamental studies heightened to the superb qualities Alexander possessed. From a

Alexander The Great

1913 words - 8 pages There are many leaders in the world, but a great ruler is passionate, honorable and one who can inspire even in the most hopeless circumstances. Alexander the Great was a great ruler. Alexander the Great was a ruler that was not only inspiring, but he was fearless, smart, bold and courageous. Alexander the Great inspired his soldiers to crave more. He has inspired people since the day he started ruling. What is inspirational about Alexander the

Alexander the Great

1367 words - 5 pages Alexander the Great: What Makes one Great?Christian QuinteroAX9-2December 5th 2013Thesis: Alexander was great because he demonstrated leadership, an ability to conquer, and the ability to spread Greek culture everywhere he went.IntroductionHook about GreatnessExplanation of BCE time and areaThesisEarly KingFamily HistoryAristotleUnified GreeceEarly ConquestsBattle of TyreOverview of BattleEmphasis on intellectEmphasis on

Alexander the Great Biography

2510 words - 10 pages Alexander the GreatBorn Late July 356 BC in Pella, MacedoniaDied June,10 323 BC in The Palace of Nabukodonossor, BabylonAlexandros III Philippou Makedonon, (Alexander the Great, Alexander III of Macedon), King of Macedonia, was born in July 356 BC in Pella, Macedonia. He was one of the greatest military geniuses in history. His father, Philip II of Macedon, was a brilliant ruler and strategist. His mother was Olympias, princess of Epirus

Alexander The Great

693 words - 3 pages Alexander the Great On July twentieth, 356 B.C. Alexander the Great was born. His Father was Philip, the King of Macedonia. His mother was Olympia, daughter of the late King Epirus. Alexander was quite mature for his age. At 13 he started learning from Aristotle, he was trained with other children. It was at this time that he met Hephastion, his future best Friend. Aristotle gave Alexander training in rhetoric and literature and

Alexander the Great

1304 words - 5 pages that Alexander things was take the title of 'Great King' and allthe things that go along with it. Alexander wanted to be worshipped as a God and evenclaimed to be descended from divinity. He wanted everybody to engage in proskynesis,that is the act of bowing before the king. The Persians were more than happy to do thisbut it caused problems between Alexander and the Macedonians in his court. That isanother thing that Alexander did. He established a

Alexander the Great

687 words - 3 pages Alexander The Great: Hero or Villain Alexander the Great was a ruler of almost all of Asia and Europe. During Alexander’s Ruling he built a large empire using heroics and respect. He may have killed many people during his time but, he did this to protect others from harm and unfairness. Many people believe Alexander to be a ruthless killer with no heart, but really he was no ruthless killer and he had a heart which he showed to many unfairly

Alexander the Great.

596 words - 2 pages ALEXANDER THE GREATAlexander the Great was seen as a genius and the greatest conqueror of the classical times. He played many parts and was able to distinguish between those in everyday life. There is a wide variety of components involved with this leader but will focus on his background, cultural contributions, social conflicts, and the claim that he is a genius.Alexander was born in 356 B.C.E., the son of Phillip II and Olympias of Macedon. He

Alexander the Great - 1452 words

1452 words - 6 pages Alexander the Great Alexander the Great or Alexandros III Philippou Makedonan was born in July 356BC in Pella, Macedonia (Popovic intro). He conquered what was in his time, most of the civilized world. “Alexander accomplished greater deeds than any, not only of the kings before him but also of those later to come later down to our time (popovic intro).” He was one of the greatest military geniuses in the history

Alexander the Great administration

2361 words - 9 pages an area of great value. In this way he followed the Macedonian policy of leaving the original laws and customs in place but added his own men to share power with the native. (Plut. 318) The Macedonian tradition of founding cities gave extra security for the newly conquered territory. In Asia and India, Alexander founded several cities, populating them with retired soldiers and native peoples. This was to assure loyalty to his empire in the

Similar Essays

Alexander The Great Essay

1377 words - 6 pages Alexander the Great In the ancient world there have been several leaders that brought immense glory to their empires but there was one particular leader that marked his legacy on much of the known world at that time. He was Alexander the Great: King of Macedonia, Pharaoh of Egypt and Lord of Persia. Alexander had become the King of Macedonia in 336 BC after his father’s assassination. He led his army to victories across the Persian

Alexander The Great Essay 1166 Words

1166 words - 5 pages Alexander was known as a military genius of his time. The legacy he left behind is still being used this very day. Though his road to a successful one world government was short-lived, the impact he made will stand the test of time. Many leaders after him have tried to complete what Alexander set out to do and could not even come close. But what made Alexander the Great so different? What separated him from all the other dictators? What

Alexander The Great Essay

1027 words - 4 pages Alexander the Great is, arguably, the most famous secular figure in history. His magnetism in life was rivaled only by his magnetism in death, and the story of his career has evoked vastly different interpretations in his age and ours. Young romantic hero or megalomaniac villain? Alexander III of Macedon conquered all who stood before him, but usually in order to free the lower class. He did more to spread the Hellenistic culture than anyone

Alexander The Great Essay

1408 words - 6 pages Alexander the Great and His Achievements Alexander the Great was the king of Macedon. Alexander of Macedon, or ancient Mecadonia, deserves to be called the Great. Alexander the Great was considered one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. He was an excellent king, general, and conqueror. During his thirteen-year rule he conquered almost all the then known world and gave a new direction to history. He had established an empire after