Alexander The Great Essay

844 words - 3 pages

Alexander the Great, was born in June, 356 BC, in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. Hisparents were Philip II and Olympia. Some say that Zeus was his father but it is probably just amyth. Aristotle taught Alexander in his early teen years. He stimulated his interest in science,medicine, and philosophy. In the summer of 336 BC, Alexander's father was assassinated, andAlexander ascended to the Macedonian throne. He found himself surrounded by enemies at homeand threatened by civilizations all over. But Alexander disposed of quickly of all his enemies byordering their execution. Then he took off to Thessaly, where partisans of independence hadgained ascendancy, and restored Macedonian rule. Before the end of the summer of 336 BC asgeneral of the Greeks in a campaign against the Persians, originally planned by his father before hecroaked, he carried out a successful campaign against the defecting Thracians, penetrating to theDanube River. On his return he crushed in a single week the threatening Illyrians and then againtook of to Thebes, which had revolted. He took the city by storm and razed it, sparing only thetemples of the gods and the house of the Greed lyric poet Pindar, and selling the surviving inhabi¬tants, about 8000 in number, into slavery. Alexander's promptness in crushing the revolt of The¬bes brought the other Greek states into instant submission. Alexander began his war against Persia in the spring of 334 BC by crossing the Hellespont(now Dardanelles) with an army of 35,000 Macedonian and Greek troops: his chief officers, allMacedonians, included Antigonus, Ptolemy, and Seleucus. At the river Granicus, near the ancientcity of Troy, he attacked an army of Persians and Greek soldiers which totaled 40,000 men. Hisforces slatured the enemy and according to tradition, only lost 110 men! After this battle all thestated of Asia Minor submitted to Alexander. Continuing south, Alexander encountered the mainPersian army, commanded by King Darius III, at Issus. The size of Darius's army was unknown;but ancient tradition said it contained about 500,000 men but now is considered a very big exag¬geration. The Battle of Issus, in 333 BC, ended in a great victory for Alexander, who treated themwith the respect due to royalty. Tyre, a strongly guarded seaport, offered obstinate resistance, butAlexander took it to by storm in 332 after a siege of seven months. Alexander captured Gaza nextand then passed on into Egypt, where he was greeted as a...

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