Alexander The Greats Upbringing Essay

1130 words - 5 pages

What in Alexander's upbringing made him Great?Macedonian warrior at 14, general at 18 and king at 20. He is recognised as one of the greatest warriors of all time. He was thought to be a son of the gods and throughout his twelve year reign he conquered many countries and empires before he died of fever at the age of 31 in 326BC. There is no one since who was like him but how did he become great?Alexander was born in 365 BC in Pella, the capital of Macedonia. His father was King Phillip the second and his mother Olympias. Who was one of Phillip's many brides was princess of Epirus. 1'A serpent was once seen lying stretched out by the side of Olympias as she slept'. This was witnessed by Phillip. This worried him as the god of all Greek gods Zeus was constantly represented by a serpent. Phillip feared that Alexander may be a son of a god. To find out if the child born was fathered by himself or by Zeus he travelled to the oracle at Delphi where the sun god Apollo was thought to be able to predict the future. He asked the oracle if his son will be one of a mortal or one of a god. The oracle told Phillip indirectly, that his son would be one of a gods, but to make sacrifices to Zeus and fear him above all other gods. The oracle told him that the eye that he saw Olympias in bed with the snake he will lose sight in. This prophecy was fulfilled two years later when Phillip was seriously wounded in battle and loses sight in that eye.Alexander grew up with riches but was not a spoilt brat by any means. He was incredibly intellectual and is extremely ambitious and curious about the world. He was educated at Pella where he in a school of nobles is given the finest education in academic, physical and military practises. But at the age of 13 an event occurred that showed Alexanders great courage and determination. He tamed a horse that seemed untameable to his father (the horse that he will later ride into battle on many occasions). This is when his father told him that he shall one day find a kingdom big enough for his ambitions and that Macedonia is too small for him. These words would stay with Alexander throughout his life driving him to win battles and control more of the world. At this stage Phillip was convinced that the school isn't providing enough intellectual challenge for Alexander so he brought in a Private tutor for him, the great philosopher Aristotle. 2'He sent for the most famous and learned of philosophers, Aristotle, and paid him a noble and appropriate tuition-fee'. Aristotle taught Alexander many things but perhaps most important he teaches him curiosity and to not to assume things and that every situation is different. Perhaps his greatest teaching to help Alexander in battle was to analyse predict then organise. Alexander loved the problem solving of military strategy this is thought be what motivated him to win many battles, using strategy to beat his opponent gave him a rush.After winning the battle of Caronia with the help of...

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