All About Hiv And Aids Essay

2120 words - 8 pages

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome); HIV is the etiological agent of AIDS leaving the body vulnerable to a variety of life threatening diseases (8).


AIDS is transmitted from the HIV virus through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk to others from infected host (1). The virus can be spread through sexual contact by oral, vaginal, or anal sex; receiving a blood transfusion, injection involving needles, artificial insemination and organ transplants from an infected donor. Transmission from mother to child during pregnancy (intrauterine) from shared blood circulation while in fetus, delivery, or after pregnancy when nursing infant from breast milk of infected mother (9). The exact mechanism of mother to child HIV/AIDS transmission is still unknown (9).


Infected human. Latent reservoirs include CD4 and T-Cells. Reservoirs are still not fully understood (1).

General Characteristics:

The stages leading to diagnosis of AIDS include Acute HIV infection detected within a few weeks to months, asymptomatic HIV infection having no symptoms, early symptomatic HIV infection, to advanced HIV infection known as AIDS (13). A CD4 count test resulting in less than 200 cells/mm3 is used for diagnosis of AIDS even when the patient shows no symptoms (8). Specific illnesses found only in patients that have AIDS are used to determine further testing for a positive diagnosis. Tests for HIV can be used to identify AIDS. HIV is diagnosed by blood tests involving two or more positive ELISA tests that have been confirmed by a Western blot assay (6). Test include third-generation, fourth-generation, rapid tests, HIV RNA tests, confirmatory tests, STARHS and home sampling tests (6). Once confirmed positive for HIV/AIDS doctors can perform further testing to find what stage of the disease the patient is in. Tests used include CD4 count test to determine amount of CD4 cells/mm3 in host, a viral load test to measure the amount of virus in patient’s blood, and drug resistance test to determine HIV strain (3).


The first published article related to AIDS was in 1981 by Michael Gottlieb concerning a random increase in pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) (7). Soon after another article reporting sudden outbreaks of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) appeared (7). Noticed and named by the CDC, the term Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is used in 1982 to describe the new disease related to sudden outbreaks (7). The causation of AIDS in 1982 was not known until the discovery of HIV on April 23, 1984 by Pasteur and Dr. Robert Gallo (7). In 1985 scientist realized HIV/AIDS can be spread through blood and bodily fluids (8). In 1985 testing first became available focusing on protecting the blood supply involving blood transfusions (8). In 1987 the USPHS issued guidelines making HIV testing a priority regarding prevention of individuals that have high risk behaviors (8). In 1993 the CDC recommended voluntary HIV...

Find Another Essay On All About HIV and AIDS

AIDS In the World: This essay is about AIDS. How AIDS effect, the prevention, and all about AIDS.

760 words - 3 pages of 2003, an estimated 40 million people worldwide - 37 million adults and 2.5 million children younger than 15 years - were living with HIV/AIDS. Nowhere is this better demonstrated than in sub-Saharan Africa, where the number of AIDS cases far exceeds that of all other geographic regions. Of the estimated 14,000 HIV infections that occur each day worldwide, about half of these infections occur in sub-Saharan Africa. About 70 percent of all

HIV/AIDS and Group Therapy Essay

1526 words - 6 pages of Alabama in 1999 through a ten-year study of the virus. Some of the first cases of HIV were believed to have started around the 50s to the 60s through samples collected during this time. It was then realized through more research that the spread of HIV/AIDS has been going on since roughly between the late 1880s and the 1920s. The idea about where the HIV virus started will always be a controversial topic because even with the knowledge

Canadian Aboriginals and HIV/AIDS

2723 words - 11 pages responsibility of participating and creating strategies to prevent further spreading of HIV. This could be done by engaging the community and increasing awareness about the HIV/AIDS and the negative effects of stigmatization (OAHAS, 2010). One of the CHNs most important responsibilities is that of educating the community about all aspects of HIV/AIDS inclusive of ways of transmission, harm reduction techniques and the importance of early testing and

HDI and HIV AIDS Namibia

1415 words - 6 pages HIV prevalence. 3. Correlation graph, years: 2005,2009,2010,2011 and 2012 Source: and Source: and The previous graph shows a scatterplot accounting for all the years in the analysis. With the Netherlands being an outlier for the year 2005, the general tendency clearly shows what previous calculations have stated. There is a negative strong correlation between the HDI and the HIV

HIV/AIDS Awareness and Prevention Program

1088 words - 4 pages According to the Center for Disease Control (CDC) (2013), research has shown that many young people between the ages of 13-29 are not concerned about becoming infected with HIV/AIDS and many of them do not know their HIV status. The CDC (2013) found that 39% of all new HIV infections affected young people between the ages of 13-29. Contraceptive Technology Update (2013) found that studies have shown that the greater the number of sexually

Symptoms and Description of HIV/AIDS.

764 words - 3 pages quite easily. It is known that AIDS is contracted by having Human Immunodeficiency virus, HIV. AIDS first showed up in the United States in 1970s. In 1982, the Centers for Disease Control recognized AIDS as a disease. No one is sure who discovered the disease because both researchers at the Pasteur Institute in France and the National Cancer Institute in the United States each claimed to have discovered it. The origin of AIDS has been

HIV and the Condition of AIDS

1559 words - 6 pages Introduction HIV has been a major global issue for over 100 years. It is estimated that 1.6 million people died as a result of this virus in 2012 (“Fact sheet”, 2012). Due to statistics such as the one I just cited, I decided to write this review essay on HIV and the condition of AIDS. As an up and coming scientist, I feel it is imperative that we strive to grow in our understanding of diseases, such as AIDS, so that we can do our part in

Personal account about a family member affected by HIV/AIDS

571 words - 2 pages AIDS KILLSIn October 1985, a close relative of mine was diagnosed HIV Positive at the age of thirty-four. He was beginning a relationship with a girlfriend and he talked her into going for a HIV test. While he was at the medical clinic, he decided to take a test himself too, although the tests concluded that in fact, his girlfriend was negative while he was positive. How the disease was transmitted to him remains unknown although there is a high

Stigmatization and Discrimination: Living with HIV/AIDS in Canada

1852 words - 7 pages person’s contaminated body fluids enter another individual. Unprotected sexual intercourse (vaginal, anal or oral), sharing needles, using unsterilized equipment for body modification, mother to infant transmition, as well as occupational exposure in health care are all ways HIV can be spread. HIV/AIDS as an illness is relatively new. The first reported case of AIDS in the world was in 1981, and a year later in Canada. Scientists all around the

Signs, Symptoms and Awareness for HIV/AIDS Patients

2046 words - 9 pages and I knew I needed to do this song. Narvel (McEntire’s husband and manager) stated it was too controversial especially for country. I told him “We had been on the tabloids enough already for stupid stories might as well do something good.”… (McEntire 229) In 1994 no one in country music or music in general had recorded a song about HIV/AIDS besides Elton John no American singer had recorded any other songs on the taboo subject. MCA, McEntire’s

AIDS & HIV the causes effects and types of possible treatments.

1406 words - 6 pages people with AIDS is Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia and is also called PCP. This disease is related to one third of all AIDS related deaths.To get HIV a person mush have sexual contact with someone infected already or by sharing a contaminated needle that has come in contact with HIV or AIDS. HIV can be spread not only by intercourse through the vagina but also by sexual contact either orally or anally. A person can also contract AIDS from blood

Similar Essays

Review About Hiv/Aids

1478 words - 6 pages Kapocs Review In this paper entitled "HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use: Information, education and communication" the authors (Peter Aggleton, Paul Jenkins, Anne Malcolm) approaches the field of HIV/AIDS prevention and harm reduction among injecting drug users. We all know that it is a broad context to deal with, but here the readers can learn more about a specific point of view: how information, education and

About Hiv/Aids Essay

1386 words - 6 pages "Fresh air can seriously damage your health". A most unlikely Government Health warning but, for the patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome, AIDS, air-borne infection presents a constant threat of pneumonia and death. Nearly all will die of diseases caused by microbes that are everywhere in the environment, and harmless to the normal, healthy individual. It could almost be said that air, water and food carry death to anyone

Aids And Hiv Essay

1944 words - 8 pages medicine to all those patients who cannot afford them - especially to HIV and cancers, and not to (example) mobile phones and other entertainments. It should also go to educate, even in poor parts of the world, about STDs and how to prevent them. If more people were informed, the number of people affected would fall. There are a few foundations made to support HIV and AIDS research. One of these include the Bill and Melinda Gates foundations

Hiv And Aids: The Epidemic Essay

1694 words - 7 pages both parents from this infectious disease. In the United States, according to, the three top cities with the most people diagnosed with AIDS per 100,000 people are Miami, Florida, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and New Orleans, Louisiana. African-Americans who only make up about 13 percent of the United States population count for about 50 percent of all the new HIV cases in America. AIDS is the third leading cause of death for African