All About Hiv And Aids Essay

2120 words - 8 pages

AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome); HIV is the etiological agent of AIDS leaving the body vulnerable to a variety of life threatening diseases (8).


AIDS is transmitted from the HIV virus through blood, semen, vaginal secretions, and breast milk to others from infected host (1). The virus can be spread through sexual contact by oral, vaginal, or anal sex; receiving a blood transfusion, injection involving needles, artificial insemination and organ transplants from an infected donor. Transmission from mother to child during pregnancy (intrauterine) from shared blood circulation while in fetus, delivery, or after pregnancy when nursing infant from breast milk of infected mother (9). The exact mechanism of mother to child HIV/AIDS transmission is still unknown (9).


Infected human. Latent reservoirs include CD4 and T-Cells. Reservoirs are still not fully understood (1).

General Characteristics:

The stages leading to diagnosis of AIDS include Acute HIV infection detected within a few weeks to months, asymptomatic HIV infection having no symptoms, early symptomatic HIV infection, to advanced HIV infection known as AIDS (13). A CD4 count test resulting in less than 200 cells/mm3 is used for diagnosis of AIDS even when the patient shows no symptoms (8). Specific illnesses found only in patients that have AIDS are used to determine further testing for a positive diagnosis. Tests for HIV can be used to identify AIDS. HIV is diagnosed by blood tests involving two or more positive ELISA tests that have been confirmed by a Western blot assay (6). Test include third-generation, fourth-generation, rapid tests, HIV RNA tests, confirmatory tests, STARHS and home sampling tests (6). Once confirmed positive for HIV/AIDS doctors can perform further testing to find what stage of the disease the patient is in. Tests used include CD4 count test to determine amount of CD4 cells/mm3 in host, a viral load test to measure the amount of virus in patient’s blood, and drug resistance test to determine HIV strain (3).


The first published article related to AIDS was in 1981 by Michael Gottlieb concerning a random increase in pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) (7). Soon after another article reporting sudden outbreaks of Kaposi’s sarcoma (KS) appeared (7). Noticed and named by the CDC, the term Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is used in 1982 to describe the new disease related to sudden outbreaks (7). The causation of AIDS in 1982 was not known until the discovery of HIV on April 23, 1984 by Pasteur and Dr. Robert Gallo (7). In 1985 scientist realized HIV/AIDS can be spread through blood and bodily fluids (8). In 1985 testing first became available focusing on protecting the blood supply involving blood transfusions (8). In 1987 the USPHS issued guidelines making HIV testing a priority regarding prevention of individuals that have high risk behaviors (8). In 1993 the CDC recommended voluntary HIV...

Find Another Essay On All About HIV and AIDS

AIDS In the World: This essay is about AIDS. How AIDS effect, the prevention, and all about AIDS

760 words - 3 pages of 2003, an estimated 40 million people worldwide - 37 million adults and 2.5 million children younger than 15 years - were living with HIV/AIDS. Nowhere is this better demonstrated than in sub-Saharan Africa, where the number of AIDS cases far exceeds that of all other geographic regions. Of the estimated 14,000 HIV infections that occur each day worldwide, about half of these infections occur in sub-Saharan Africa. About 70 percent of all

Personal account about a family member affected by HIV/AIDS

571 words - 2 pages AIDS KILLSIn October 1985, a close relative of mine was diagnosed HIV Positive at the age of thirty-four. He was beginning a relationship with a girlfriend and he talked her into going for a HIV test. While he was at the medical clinic, he decided to take a test himself too, although the tests concluded that in fact, his girlfriend was negative while he was positive. How the disease was transmitted to him remains unknown although there is a high

AIDS/HIV in South Africa Write an essay about a problem in a specific country in Africa

873 words - 3 pages things that cause HIV. Talking to them about HIV could also lead you to have people in South Africa learn about more things in general. The people in this group are unique. We can educate them about clean needles all we want. In the end they still have to make their own decisions.Third is to spend all resources available to find a permanent cure for HIV and AIDS, as this is the only real way to stop it. AIDSinfo, The AIDS Foundation of South


1944 words - 8 pages medicine to all those patients who cannot afford them - especially to HIV and cancers, and not to (example) mobile phones and other entertainments. It should also go to educate, even in poor parts of the world, about STDs and how to prevent them. If more people were informed, the number of people affected would fall. There are a few foundations made to support HIV and AIDS research. One of these include the Bill and Melinda Gates foundations

HIV and AIDS Epidemic

1213 words - 5 pages 1.1 INTRODUCTION There is no doubt that the HIV and AIDS epidemic has had a devastating influence on Africa, especially in my community of Qumbu. The AIDS epidemic has killed more lives than the sum total of all wars, famines and floods, and the ravages of deadly diseases as Malaria. It is destroying families in my community, overwhelming and depleting health care services. The AIDS epidemic influence in my community is significant ways should

Globalization and HIV/AIDS

1897 words - 8 pages The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, commonly known as HIV/AIDS is a disease, with which the human immune system, unlike in other disease, cannot cope. AIDS, which is caused by the HIV virus, causes severe disorder of the immune system and slowly progresses through stages which disable the body’s capability to protect and instead makes it vulnerable for other infections. The first blood sample to contain HIV was


977 words - 4 pages , gender equality, child mortality, maternal health, HIV and other diseases, environmental sustainability and global partnership. (Nations, n.d.). For this paper, the HIV pandemic shall be analysed. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that serves as root for the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome or AIDS which is a disease that compromises the human immune system supressing it and leaving the body open for other diseases and

HIV and AIDS: The Epidemic

1694 words - 7 pages both parents from this infectious disease. In the United States, according to, the three top cities with the most people diagnosed with AIDS per 100,000 people are Miami, Florida, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, and New Orleans, Louisiana. African-Americans who only make up about 13 percent of the United States population count for about 50 percent of all the new HIV cases in America. AIDS is the third leading cause of death for African

HIV/AIDS and Group Therapy

1526 words - 6 pages of Alabama in 1999 through a ten-year study of the virus. Some of the first cases of HIV were believed to have started around the 50s to the 60s through samples collected during this time. It was then realized through more research that the spread of HIV/AIDS has been going on since roughly between the late 1880s and the 1920s. The idea about where the HIV virus started will always be a controversial topic because even with the knowledge

HIV and AIDS in Swaziland

1038 words - 5 pages worker to offer child- abuse survivors comfort and a sense of hope. They are also trying to change the public attitudes about HIV/AIDS and sexual abuse of children. Once hush-hush, these issues are now openly discussed. Child-friendly interview rooms have been added in many police stations. Most of the efforts have been focus on the children. Maybe for a country thats number 1 one the world for HIV positive citizens per 100, they gave up on the

Canadian Aboriginals and HIV/AIDS

2723 words - 11 pages responsibility of participating and creating strategies to prevent further spreading of HIV. This could be done by engaging the community and increasing awareness about the HIV/AIDS and the negative effects of stigmatization (OAHAS, 2010). One of the CHNs most important responsibilities is that of educating the community about all aspects of HIV/AIDS inclusive of ways of transmission, harm reduction techniques and the importance of early testing and

Similar Essays

Review About Hiv/Aids

1478 words - 6 pages Kapocs Review In this paper entitled "HIV/AIDS and injecting drug use: Information, education and communication" the authors (Peter Aggleton, Paul Jenkins, Anne Malcolm) approaches the field of HIV/AIDS prevention and harm reduction among injecting drug users. We all know that it is a broad context to deal with, but here the readers can learn more about a specific point of view: how information, education and

About Hiv/Aids Essay

1386 words - 6 pages "Fresh air can seriously damage your health". A most unlikely Government Health warning but, for the patient with Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome, AIDS, air-borne infection presents a constant threat of pneumonia and death. Nearly all will die of diseases caused by microbes that are everywhere in the environment, and harmless to the normal, healthy individual. It could almost be said that air, water and food carry death to anyone

Getting Educated About Hiv/Aids Essay

1274 words - 6 pages Getting Educated About HIV/AIDS Millions of people in the world have HIV/AIDS. My whole life I've been told about the virus/syndrome from my parents and from many public service advertisements in magazines and television. Recently, my neighbor died of having AIDS because he refused to accept that he had the syndrome. Consequently, he did not receive treatment and therefore passed away. I chose this topic because it is important to actually

Everything You Need To Know About Aids And Hiv

2169 words - 9 pages itself. When finally it has attacked many of them it develops into AIDS" a virus that is dependent on humans and therefore, cannot multiply on its own" AVERT. The HIV virus can be broken down into:- Human – since it’s specifically known for infecting humans only Immunodeficiency - causes the immune system to lack defence or protection hence making it prone to opportunistic infections on all the T-cells meant for the function of securing it