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All About Pneumonia Essay

760 words - 3 pages

PneumoniaDictionary definition:Pneu*mo*niaNoun: A disease of the lungs characterized by inflammation and consolidation followed by resolution and caused by infection or irritants.Pneu*mo*niaNoun: An acute or chronic diseaseMarked by inflammation of the lungs and caused by viruses, bacteria, or other microorganisms and sometimes by physical and chemical irritants.What is it?Pneumonia is a bad and sometimes deadly infection or inflammation of your lungs. The air sacs in the lungs fill with mucus and other liquids. When this happens oxygen has trouble reaching your blood. When there is too little oxygen in your blood, your body cells can't work properly. This and other spreading infections in the body are what can cause death!Before 1936 Pneumonia was the number one cause of death in the US! Since then with the help of antibiotics, Pneumonia is now only the sixth leading cause of death. But still this is VERRY high!Causes of PneumoniaPneumonia has over thirty different causes. Probably every one in this room has had it at one time!Here are the five main causes:BacteriaVirusesMycoplasmasOther infectious agentsVarious chemicalsThe Breakdown of these:Bacteria: Bacteria Pneumonia can attack anyone from newborn to very old! Generally Alcoholics, post-operative patients, people with respiratory diseases or viral infections and people who have weakened immune systems are at greater risk of getting this type.Bacteria Pneumonia cont.:A bacterium that causes this type of Pneumonia is in everyone's, healthy and not healthy, throat. When illness, old age, or impaired immunity, the bacteria weakens the body's defenses and can multiply and eventually get into the lungs. The lungs then will fill with a liquid that will get into the blood stream and affect the whole body. The liquid makes it hard for oxygen to get into the blood stream.Viral:Half of all Pneumonia is believed to be caused by viruses. Hundreds of thousands of viruses are known to cause respiratory infection. Most of these only affect the upper respiratory tract; any of them can cause pneumonia, especially in kids.The same thing happens as the Bacterial Pneumonia except the person doesn't know they have until it's almost too late.Mycoplasma:This type is far less deadly and doesn't affect you as bad. Even though it's not as bad, little is known how people get it because it is so rear. Anyone in any age group can get this type. You don't get very sick even if it's left untreated!Other Kinds of...

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