Allegory in Animal Farm, by George Orwell

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George Orwell wrote the novel Animal Farm. Orwell uses the genre of
allegory to illustrate his satirical views of the Russian Revolution. As
Britain and Russia were allies during the War, Orwell was forbidden to
straightforwardly express his opinion.

During the Second World War, George Orwell wrote the novel “Animal
Farm”. Orwell uses the genre of allegory to illustrate his satirical
views of the Russian Revolution. As Britain and Russia were allies
during the War, Orwell was forbidden to straightforwardly express his
opinion of Stalin and the Russian Regime so he uses animals as their
representatives, instead.

“Animal Farm” opens with the description of Jones’s neglectful
attitude towards the farm and its inhabitants: “he was too drunk to
remember to shut the pop-holes”. Jones can immediately be seen as a
representative of Tsar Nicholas the second whose selfishness and lack
of consideration towards the needs of his people led to Lenin’s
Revolution.

When Old Major summons the other farm animals to the barn, he gives
them hope of a happier, more worthwhile future. His ideology is:
“remove man from the scene and the root cause of hunger and overwork
is abolished forever”. He then tells them they must abide by “Seven
commandments” and must refer to one another as “comrade”. The pigs
later title this system “Animalism”. Old Major’s behaviour is symbolic
of Lenin’s. When the Russian civilians stopped supporting Tsar
Nicholas the second, they turned to Lenin who provided them with hope.
Before Lenin died he established the USSR just as old Major
established “Animalism” before his death.

Orwell shows us just how callous Jones is when he doesn’t feed the
animals. The animals later break down the door of the store-shed
causing Jones to come to the barn with a whip and “lash out in all
direction”. It is at this point we can see that the animals are no
longer going to tolerate their hard lives and so rebel, scaring Jones
and his wife from the farm.

The first thing the animals do to celebrate their newfound freedom is
go to the harness-room. They collect the “nose-rings”, “dog-chains”
and the “cruel knives” and through them “down the well”. The list of
horrific items indicates that the animals are very frightened of Jones
and they think that he is a tyrant. The fact that they spend the first
ten minutes of their liberty “wiping out the last traces of Jones’s
hated reign” implies that their triumph isn’t complete until
everything belonging to him is gone.

By use of allegorical descriptions, Orwell introduces us to three
pigs: Napoleon, Snowball and Squealer. Even this early in the novel
Napoleon emerges to be a representative of the sadistic tyrant Stalin:
“Napoleon wasn’t much of a talker but he had a reputation for getting
his own way”. This suggests that he possesses a ruthless quality.
Snowball appears to be a representative of Trotsky: “Snowball was a
much vivacious pig than Napoleon, quicker...

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