Alliances and Ententes Were to Blame for the Outbreak of World War One (WWI)
In August 1914, World War One broke out. The main cause of the war has
never been established and has been among the many debates among
historians studying this period. Many historians have conflicting
views about what caused war to break out in 1914, and many believe
there is not one cause to blame but was the result of many conflicts
and disputes between different countries over a long period.
There are also other causes for the outbreak of World War One
including Political systems and developments, Colonial Conflicts and
rivalries, The Moroccan Crises, The Balkan Wars and the July Crisis.
In my opinion, Alliances and Ententes was to blame for war to break
out in 1914. The main reason for this is that after Archduke Franz
Ferdinand, the heir to the Austro-Hungarian Empire was shot by a
Bosnian Serb nationalist. Therefore, Austria-Hungary issued Serbia an
ultimatum, which they had chose to ignore, and as a result Germany,
who was their ally persuaded Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia.
Russia, who supported Serbia, began to mobilise. This began to
escalate and France, Germany and Britain consequently got involved
because of their alliances or ententes. The question is without these
alliances and ententes, would war have broken out in 1914?
Due to the built up tension of Militarism, Nationalism and Imperialism
the Great powers were worried of being attacked from rival countries.
As a result, alliances and ententes were beginning to form. In 1879
Germany had made a secret alliance with Austria-Hungary, and Italy
joined three years later to create the Triple Alliance, as they wanted
to revenge as France would not let them colonise in North Africa.
Another reason for the creation of these alliances was the naval race
between Great Britain and Germany. In order to keep the largest naval
power; Britain, France and Russia formed an Allegiance, which
increased the hostility between the rival nations, Britain and
The other Great powers became increasingly worried about the strength
of the Triple Alliance. Therefore, France and Russia agreed to help
each other if any country from the Triple Alliance attacked them, and
they signed the Franco-Russian Alliance. Ironically, this worried
Germany as if it meant that France and Russia had an alliance it meant
that she could be attacked from both sides. However, Britain had no
allies within the Great powers, and therefore, she was isolated.
Germany had approached them to join her in an alliance; however,
Britain was not so keen because of the Boer War. Then, in 1904 Britain
and France had agreed to sign the Entente-Cordiale to forget their
previous quarrels. Three years later France had brought Britain and
Russia together, and after signing the...