Alternative Energy Resources and Human Dependence on Oil
The modern world is fuelled by oil (Youngquest, 1998). This reality has brought tremendous changes and developments that is continuously transforming the modern period, changing its lifestyles and economies in the last 200 years. However, these changes do not only paved for modernization and development, but it has also paved for the environmental crisis that the world is now facing (Bodley, 2008). Environmental crisis refers to the degradation of the environmental quality due to human intervention in natural processes. In other words, as human beings consume and deplete the resources of the world, our industrial by-products are piling up (Bodley, 2008). As such, it is important to stress the fact that environmental crisis is not only about environmental problems, but it is about the intertwined concerns regarding politics, economics, society and ideologies (Bodley 2008, p. 43).
In this regard, this research will try to address one of the most important environmental issues that we are: are alternative energy sources the answer to ending human dependence to oil? This is an important question because the reality of human dependence to oil is attested by the fact that countries all over the globe have to ensure energy security to sustain their economies and in case they fail, the threat of conflict becomes unavoidable (Moran and Russell, 2008). Furthermore, as of 2009, 85 percent of total primary energy consumption involves the use of fossil fuels – oil, natural gas and coal (Statistical Review of World Energy, 2009) and this is a big issue because oil is finite. In addition, the peril of global warming coupled with the probability of the increase in consumption in the coming years create an urgency in addressing the alternative energy sources the answer to ending human dependence to oil?
In this condition, the researcher holds a cautious position – yes, there is a probability that alternative energy sources can possibly provide means in which human dependence to oil may end.
Everybody, in one way or another, is concern with global warming and in finding the solution on how consumption of fossil fuels may be reduced. Alternative sources such as oil sands, heavy oil, and wood/other biomass, coal hydropower, shale oil, solar energy, gas hydrates, wind energy, nuclear fission, wave energy, geothermal tidal power, fusion, ocean thermal energy and conversion are all considered as alternative sources of energy. However, can they end human dependence in oil?
Those who support that supposition that alternative energy sources can end human dependence to oil claims that
First, as mentioned oil is finite. There is a need to come up with alternative sources of energy because the reality of diminishing fossil fuel supplies is a fact. In order, to avoid the situation wherein energy insecurity is experienced, alternative energy sources should be used.