The Hundred year struggle for Black Americans would begin during Reconstruction, long before the civil rights movement would be headlining in the 1950’s and 1960’s. The struggle would not just be for freedom but also in terms of education and employment from the police brutality and general day to day discrimination. This abuse would compel individuals, such as the more famous Black civil rights leaders to launch efforts to assert their constitutional rights and improve their standing in society; through the use of media, that through time would be shown right in the home of Americans by Tv. Lobbying congressmen to support their cause from marches to Sit ins.
Reconstruction would start after the Civil war. President Lincoln had started the crusade in helping Black Americans for civil rights with the Emancipation proclamation, freeing all the slaves in the current rebeling states in 1863. This would then lead to the 13th Amendment (1865), the 14th Amendment (1868) and the 15th Amendment that would attempt to give the vote and citizenship to freed slaves. The Federal Government during the beginning would work to protect Black Americans showing that it wasn’t just down to Black leaders for Civil rights. Despite Congresses best efforts, President Andrew Johnson would be unlike his Predecessor. This made it increasingly difficult without the cooperation of the President to help ensure that the Southern States followed along with the Reconstruction Amendments, instead of the rising Jim crow laws that would spread throughout the south. The need to help African-Americans through law would die a death due to the Compromise of 1877, making Ruther B Hayes President. With the North now turning its back on African-Americans and the South having already reinvented a slavery though sharecropping, they could now continue to cause suffering of Blacks unchecked. This interference of the States ultimately reduced the Amendments to redundant pieces of paper and would be a start in the long list of failures by the Federal Government in its modern humanitarian issues.
Booker T. Washington would start the Tuskegee Institute in 1881,"This institution provided an academic education, but was really committed to giving young negro boys practical skills in farming, carpentry,brick making,etc." Washington received strong criticism over his approach to Black education, but t he did allow academic education for those who proved to be academic and did not completely shy away from alternative forms of education. The growth of Tuskegee would also have an Impact on World War 1, Tuskegee would host the Tuskegee Airmen program that would produce highly decorated combat veterans, showing that despite humble beginnings, it had gone on to significantly help in the War effort and boost the reputation of Black soldiers as being capable, helping their social standing, that would eventually lead them some advancement in Civil rights.
Washington would also produce a book “Up from...