Ambitions Of Japan In The Beginning Of The 20th Century

1648 words - 7 pages

Université Paris-Sorbonne-Abou Dabi Histoire L1 - Histoire Contemporaine Wadha Al-Aqeedi
Commentaire : Les ambitions du Japon au début du XXe siècle Au XXe siècle, le Japon a assisté une transformation en puissance de pays industrialisés, avec une armée moderne et une marine qui était l'un des plus grands dans le monde. Cette nouvelle puissance a conduit le Japon à la victoire contre la Chine et la Russie, et à l'occupation de Taiwan et de la Corée. L'extrait proposé est tiré d'un essai intitulé Sous le signe du dragon, rédigé par Paul Claudel, daté de 1909 et publié ...view middle of the document...

A partir de cette Restauration, le Japon est reformé dans le domaine politique, économique et militaire. De plus, ce document nous renseigner de plusieurs aspects de la situation du Japon au début du XXe siècle, Claudel annonce des situations politiques et économiques. Le Japon possède des routes maritimes "…la

chaine de ses possessions maritimes est complète", mais à cause des traités avec les puissances maritimes, il a eu moins de contrôle de ces routes, il reste alors avec la source de l'agriculture qui est pauvre "…pays de pauvre agriculture". Malgré toutes les situations difficiles, le Japon a des ambitions de jouer un rôle d'un grand État : on peut donc se demander, quelles sont les étapes qui vont conduire le Japon à atteindre ses ambitions au début du XXe siècle? Annonce de plan : I. L'ambition économique
a) Industrialisation b) Agriculture
II. L'ambition impérialiste
a) La puissance coloniale b) Expansion politique
III. Japon vers autres nations
a) Accords et conflits b) Relations diplomatiques
Après la proclamation de la restauration du pouvoir, le Japon affirme
sa volonté de modernisation. Meiji a été influencé par l'Occident, donc il a envoyé des diplomates à l'Europe et l'Amérique du Nord pour étudier les manières occidentales. Les Japonais ont choisi d'être la meilleure que la civilisation d'Ouest avait à offrir et avait adaptée à leur propre pays. Il avait donc la volonté de disposer d'une industrie forte. Ceci pour quelques raisons principales: ne pas dépendre de l'étranger pour la fabrication d'une part, éviter l'exploitation du japon par les Occidentaux d'autre part et mieux assurer la subsistance alimentaire de la population enfin. Au début du XXe siècle, l'économie japonaise va devenir aussi moderne que tout dans le monde. Le

pays a construit sa première ligne de chemin de fer en 1872. La piste connecté à Tokyo, la capitale de la nation, avec le port de Yokohama, à 20 miles au sud. En 1914, le Japon avait plus de 7000 miles de chemin de fer. La production de charbon a augmenté à plus de 21 millions en 1913. Pendant ce temps, les grandes entreprises, financés par l'État construit des milliers d'usines. Les industries japonaises traditionnelles, comme le thé et la production de soie, élargi au commerce avec d'autres pays. Nous assistons à une des industries modernes développés, comme la construction navale, faites Japon concurrentiel avec l'Occident. Malgré ce développement, il avait eu besoin d'aide financière pour atteindre cette croissance économique, il emprunte aux banques européennes. En 1900, la...

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