The United States of America
Founded under the concept of a Republic (a government without a monarch, who’s elected representatives are responsible to the governed) the founding fathers some 235 years ago set out declare its independence and establish a new nation claiming their own sovereignty and rejecting any allegiances to the British Monarch. This of course sparked the Revolutionary War in April of 1775 that lasted until September of 1783.
I am amazed that 38 men and later others could during a time of war come together and develop governing rules that would create the greatest (not perfect) nation in modern times. These men had known just how over reaching most government in the world had become and intended to prevent that from happening in this new nation. Thus the Constitution of the United States of America and later the Bill of Right became the foundation document to govern this nation.
The Constitution establishes the Legislative, Executive and Judicial branches of Government and provided to each it’s own set of powers and responsibilities and the checks and balances between each branch in hopes maintaining a balance of power. Throughout our history these balances have been tested by situations and circumstances right up and including those days following September 11, 2001.
Looking at the Legislative branch the founder gave the country two houses each with different duties and authorities and each with different means of determining representation. The House of Representatives is composed members who’s numbers are based on current censes statistics and are apportioned at one representative per thirty thousand constituents. So as a state grows in population so do the number of congressmen/women for that state. The drawing/redistricting of congressional boundaries and elections held within that district greatly affects the political climate of the House. The Senate on the other hand is straight forward with two Senators for each state, elected in a state wide election.
The House has the sole Power of Impeachment, and is the origination site for all bills to raise revenues. The Senate has sole power to try all impeachments. The other powers of Congress are outlined in section 8 of Article I of which taxes, coining money the power to raise Armies and maintain a Navy and the power to declare war are the most notable.
All votes by either House on any question shall be by Yeas and Nays and as such be entered into that Houses Journal. All legislation must pass both Houses be for going to the President for his approval/signature and before becoming law. This in...