America's Abortion Debate Essay

880 words - 4 pages - by salsaquartic ✓ Expert Reviewed

Abortion is one of the most controversial issues in the United States today. According to oxford dictionary, abortion is the deliberate termination of a human pregnancy, most often performed during the first 28 weeks. The two factions involved in this controversy are poles apart in their views on abortion: where as the pro-choice movement contends that a woman’s right to abortion is absolute, the pro-life movement asserts that a fetus’s right to life is indisputable. The argument has become very pronounced since the U.S Supreme Court ruling in the year 1973 in Roe V. Wade, which legalized abortion. According to the ruling, a woman’s right to abortion outweighed the rights of a nonviable fetus and prohibited the State interference. In addition to the fact that pro-choicers have always praised Roe for recognizing that a woman’s right to control her body is more important than a fetus’s right to life, this idea is also supported by different organizations such as Alan Guttmatcher Institute (AGI) whose mission is “to protect the reproductive choices of all women and men in the United States and throughout the world.” (Par 1) While some people believe that abortion is immoral others argue that it is a woman’s right to have full control of her body.

A typical pro-life believer argues that fetuses posses a characteristic such as a genetic code that is both necessary and sufficient for being human. This idea is mostly propagated by the principle of the Roman Catholic Church “In 1995 Pope John Paul II officially condemned abortion in his “Evangelium Vitae,” calling it a villainous crime that kills an innocent human being” (Knapp Pg 16) and supported by many fundamentalist protestants groups, though not by majority of Catholics and protestants. A pro-life person believes that the government has an obligation to preserve all human life, regardless of intent, viability, or quality-of-life concerns. The pro-life advocate appeals to “life” but does not abstain from “liberty”. She believes that all human liberty is at least limited by another human person’s right to life. For example, one has a right to freely pursue any goal one believes is consistent with one’s happiness, such as going to the cinema to watch a movie he likes so much. One has however, no right to freely pursue this goal at the expenses of another’s life or liberty, such as running over pedestrians with one’s car so that one can get to the theater on time. One question that is been asked by most pro-life advocates is “if really one has the right to do whatever he/she pleases to do with his/her body then why is this right imposed on...

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