America's Dropping of the Atomic Bomb
The bomb was dropped for a number of reasons. I believe that revenge
for Pearl harbour coinciding with pressure put on by President Truman
to drop the bomb was significant. However many other factors were
involved. These included political, military, economic, scientific
factors along with Truman wanted to gain retribution for Pearl
harbour. These factors along with others gave a number reasons for
Truman to drop the bomb.
President Roosevelt was the main man behind the bomb from 1941. At the
Yalta conference in 1945, "the big three" met to discuss matters for
Germany. Stalin, Churchill and Roosevelt were the big three and in the
next conference at Potsdam in August the situation had turned on its
head as Roosevelt died, which was a big factor in the dropping of the
bomb and Churchill had been replaced by Clement Atlee. Roosevelt's
vice president Harry.S.Truman took over the helm. This was an
overriding factor for the future to come as Truman was a war leader
and was a very ardent, anti-communist and a simplistic man in his
attitude toward opposition.
Truman was an outsider to the Manhattan Project and knew very little
until he became president. As soon as Roosevelt died Truman was put
under increasing pressure from James Byrnes who was secretary of state
and Henry Stimpson who was the secretary of war. Truman crumbled and
dropped the first Bomb. Byrnes and Stimpson were crucial to his final
decision of dropping the bomb and they really felt a threat from
opposition as Byrnes said this about Russia in 1945:
"Gentlemen, can I tell you what really worries me? Russia's influence
in Eastern Europe. Rumania, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia, Hungary,
Czechoslovakia are all living under a soviet shadow. It will be
impossible to persuade Russia to remove their troops from Poland
unless she is impressed by American military might. Now, our
demonstrating the bomb will make Russia more manageable."
This shows signs that Russia may also be a key factor as the Russian
"dash for China" may have caused a concern to America and by the
dropping the bomb it would sway Russia to stop as Truman said, "I'll
hammer on those boys". Truman now knew that he had a weapon to
dominate the post war world and may have used it to show some power
"on the American hip" as Stalin appeared to be trying to go and invade
Asia so Truman used the bomb as a message to him not to go further.
Most people who believed that America decided to drop the atomic bombs
on Japan for military reasons. These reasons were that a quick end to
the war meant that no land invasion of Japan would have to take place,
which would eliminate costs and most crucially soldier's lives.
I however, believe that Truman had different reasons for bombing
Japan. One of the reasons is that America would take...