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American Civil War: The Jim Crow Laws Combined With The Actions Of White Terrorist Groups Contributed To The Alienation And Isolation Of The African Americans

1708 words - 7 pages

The Jim Crow Laws combined with the actions of White terrorist groups contributed to the alienation and isolation of the African AmericansThe Jim Crow Laws combined with the actions of White terrorist groups contributed to the alienation and isolation of the African Americans following the Civil War in 1865. Blacks, after being given their freedom after years of slavery in 1862 by President Lincoln, were faced with the new struggle of obtaining rights against the Jim Crow Laws and against widespread racism and terrorism created by terrorist groups, in particular the Ku Klux Klan.Jim Crow Laws were factors that contributed to the alienation and segregation of African Americans. Jim Crow Laws, enforced between 1876 and 1965, were Laws made to keep Blacks and Whites separate from each other. These Laws were enacted in the Southern States who originally supported Black slavery. Although slavery was abolished in 1862 by President Lincoln, African American's were still seen as inferior. Southern States tried to maintain control over Blacks, introducing these Laws out of fear that Blacks might gain political control over the Southern states, as they easily outnumbered Whites. These Laws made it difficult for Blacks to have any rights, especially voting rights. Jim Crow Laws reversed the rights given to African Americans during the "Reconstruction" period, where the Congress ordered that White governments in the South had to be dissolved and placed under military rule, only again to have elected governments if they accepted the 14th Amendment and gave all Blacks the right to vote. Each state had different Jim Crow Laws, but all had the same objective: to discriminate African Americans. Although the Federal Government was not impressed with these Laws, little was done to stop Jim Crow Laws from spreading. Jim Crow Laws were even supported even by US President Wilson: "Segregation is not humiliating and is a benefit for you Black gentlemen. [1] In 1896, Blacks became even more disadvantaged when the Laws were legalised by the Supreme Court, allowing for prosecutions to take place if Blacks went against the Laws. Few Blacks challenged their rights out of fear that they would be targeted by terrorist groups. In 1892, a Black man named Homer Plessy challenged the Supreme Court after refusing to move from his seat on a train just because it was reserved for White people. He argued that Jim Crow Laws broke Federal Laws and was against the Constitution. Plessy lost the case, resulting in the advancement of White supremacy.Jim Crow Laws were introduced to segregate the Blacks from Whites. These Laws segregated schools, parks, toilets, drinking fountains, and health care benefits. Although these Laws were tagged as 'separate, but equal,' in reality this was never achieved. Instead these Laws stamped the "coloured race with a badge of inferiority."[2]Blacks were disadvantaged and never had the facilities equal to that of the White man. This further contributed to...

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