This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

American Colonization Essay

1218 words - 5 pages

The colonization of the New World is one of the most significant events of sixteenth and seventeenth and century. The process of colonizing North America was met with many challenges and a variety of peoples came to America in prospects of establishing not only a new colony for their motherland, but establishing a new life for the individuals. Representing these peoples were three countries that had significantly impacted and shaped the future of the New World. These three countries were Spain, France, and Britain; while each country in unique in a variety of ways, by the ways in which they settled the New World are representations of the traditional and changing values of their people. Important areas that help define the individuality of the Spanish, French, and British colonies are: settlement patterns, family life, financial success, importance of agriculture and industry, religion, and importance to the mother country. By examining these topics, not only would one find that the colonies have their own unique identities, but also that there are many similarities that cross between the three.
The conquest of exploring the New World was one rooted by the desire for gold and to increase trade within the market. In 1453, the Fall of Constantinople would be the basis on which eastern trading routes would close causing traders and merchants to push westwards. Before colonization, both the Portuguese and Spanish engaged in voyaging further for goods and gold. The Portuguese were the first to venture out further in search of gold and trade. The two most successful of these travelers were Marco Polo and Vasco de Game. Shortly after Marco Polo’s and de Gama, Spain would assist in sending out Christopher Columbus to find a trading route to the East. It would be Columbus’ voyage that would begin further exploration into the New World in 1492. In response, the Pope would then officially divide the New World between Spain and Portugal in 1492. Portugal was given the eastward lands up to the area of now Brazil, and Spain was given the lands that lie westward. Twenty five years later, Spain would conquer Cuba and begin to explore into Mexico and further into South America. Spain’s ability to control South America and Mexico was propelled by native populations being exterminated by introduction of Eurasian diseases, from which the native populations had no immunity from.
One Spain had conquered the native lands of the Mexican Aztecs and the Peruvian Incas, they had implemented a new economic system known as the “Encomienda”. Under the Encomienda System, natives were removed from their homes and were forced to work on sugar plantations and in mines. A leader, known as an “Econmendero” had control over all Indians in specified locations. Indians worked under an overlord who they paid a share of their own crops to. The demand for labor in the new Spanish territory increased. A combination of unwilling natives and a dwindling population and sparked the...

Find Another Essay On American Colonization

The West Indies in Carolina: The Integration of Economic Exploitation into Colonization Efforts - University of Wisconsin-Madison, History: American History Until The Civil War Era - Research Paper

1566 words - 7 pages 1 Ian Karcher History 101(308) April 5, 2017 The Culture of the West Indies in Carolina: The Integration of Economic Exploitation into Colonization Efforts The sound of leaves rustling and falling to the ground filled the ears of anyone unfamiliar to the region. For the locals, it was similar to the sound of sirens to a city resident. This endless rhythm represented thousand of African slaves laboring away. There were African workers everywhere

How have different historians interpreted the question of whether the monetary gain by Europe was worth the death and destruction of the American Indians during the colonization and genocide of North...

2449 words - 10 pages Matt Penn 9.1How have different historians interpreted the question of whether the monetary gain by Europe was worth the death and destruction of the American Indians during the colonization and genocide of North America?As suggested by the question above, this essay considers the genocide of North America during the colonization by the Europeans. Firstly however, it is important to gain a basic understanding of the historical context that the

French vs. British treatment of Native Americans during the early years of American colonization. Written for AP US History class - I recieved a 25/25

644 words - 3 pages North America experienced a great wave of immigration a few hundred years after its discovery. Inspired by adventure, riches, and the desire to escape political and religious oppression, Europeans came to the continent. Two of the immigrations that took place were those of the French and British. Upon arriving at North America, they did not encounter savages, but rather a skilled and organized people. Both countries took to the indigenous people

Early Colonization

976 words - 4 pages In the late 1500s and early 1600s, the Americas had been discovered and establishment of the New World had begun. Spain, Portugal, England and France all led the way in early colonization. European nations were involved in the colonization of North and South America, but all had different approaches. Spain and Portugal were similar in the way they inhabited the land but had different reasons for colonization. France approached colonization

English vs. Spanish Colonization

882 words - 4 pages Bailey Kargo! IB HOTA 3rd period English vs. Spanish Colonization From 1500 to 1700, the English colonization of the Chesapeake region and the Spanish colonization of the Central/South American region varied greatly in their primary motivations for settlement and the lasting effects imprinted into both societies. The English motives in settling the Chesapeake region were more economically-based, seeking greater economic opportunity and

America Colonization Differences

875 words - 4 pages prosecution in England in this time was quite severe. This drove thousands of Englishmen to America seeking religious refuge. England embraced the colonization movement for various reasons. First, population levels in Great Britain were increasing too rapidly to support the citizens desire to own land. The financial benefits the American colonies would provide through trade with Great Britain would also be greatly beneficial. All of these

Colonization of America

668 words - 3 pages and powerful. By the other hand there also exist another civilization that wanted something, England. The English get to the new world by their will it was not by a king or queen request like the Spanish. There were various reasons why the American Colonies were established. The three most important themes of English colonization of America were religion, economics, and government. The most important reasons for colonization were to seek refuge

Marriage as colonization

1428 words - 6 pages egalitarian societies. An example of this spread of domination is the white settler’s attitude towards conquering and taming the nature, which was forcefully embedded in the Native American culture. I am interested in exploring how the foundation of the issue, which is tied to women’s sexuality, plays out in the colonial context. To examine this, I will look at the institution of marriage and prove that it is a form of patriarchal colonization

Colonization of America

665 words - 3 pages wanted something, England. The English get to the new world by their will it was not by a king or queen request like the Spanish. There were various reasons why the American Colonies were established. The three most important themes of English colonization of America were religion, economics, and government. The most important reasons for colonization were to seek refuge, religious freedom, and economic opportunity. To a less important point, the

Colonization of America

792 words - 3 pages Colonization of America Although New England and the Chesapeake region were both settled by people of English origin, by 1700 the regions have evolved into two new distinct societies. Why did this difference in development occur? When first English settlers began arriving in America in the 1700's they mainly settled in two regions - New England and the Chesapeake. Even though both groups of people were English by origin, they had

Colonization Of America

3300 words - 13 pages ://cpcug.org/user/billb/hutch.html 5. ?Introduction of William Penn, Proprietor? author unknown. http://xroads.virginia.edu/CAP?PENN/.html 6. ?American Timeline: Colonization? by Buddy M., Scott F., Alex J. http://www.icps.k12.va.us/oakview/97-98/america/colonization.html 7. ?Delaware ? A brief history? by the state of Delaware. http://www.state.de.us/giic/facts/history.htm 8. ?The Pilgrims As People? author unknown. http://www.org/Library.underpn.htm

Similar Essays

American Colonization Essay

1651 words - 7 pages , as history shows, all of the European powers who colonized in the Americas lose their control, thus leading to independent countries. From the 1400s to the 1600s, European countries set up American colonies in the North and South colonial regions, with principles of economic opportunity and religious toleration for the benefit of the motherland, to the extent of the desires and decisions of the immigrants of America. During the 1400s

The Era Of American Colonization Grade 9 American History Essay

632 words - 3 pages Powhatan (who were Native American) lands. This made the Indians very angry, for they had trusted the English with a truce that John Smith had created. Invasions and squabbles led to the bloody Powhatan Wars. The Native Americans tried to murder John Smith, but the Indian chief, Wahunsonacock, had a daughter, Pocahontas, who saved him. Sadly, Smith died of terrible wounds. Native Americans were much different than the English. They barely wore

Capitalism Was Behind American Colonization Of Puerto Rico

1569 words - 6 pages Capitalism Was Behind American Colonization of Puerto Rico The platform upon which the United States was built, freedom, was erected in response to the oppressive nature of colonialism. On July Fourth, 1776, the original thirteen colonies declared their independence, because the weight of Great Britain’s colonial restrictions proved to be too burdensome. The Constitution was signed shortly thereafter to protect American citizen’s rights

Changes In American Family Life From Colonization To The Civil War

1492 words - 6 pages markets and wages. These changes are reflected nowhere more distinctly and thoroughly than in the individual “microcosms of society:” the American family. Definitions of what constitutes a family have altered over time in response to the functions it is expected to perform. In the early days of colonization, the family unit was more of a household unit. They had to perform all functions of subsistence and often brought in non-relatives as household