American Communist Containment Policy 1945 1953 Essay

2345 words - 9 pages

Containment Policy 1945-1953

America used a variety of methods to contain Soviet influence between
1945-1953. Methods such as Propaganda and flexing of muscle became
essential as America justified its policies and actions as part of the
struggle to save Capitalist Ideology from the Communist oppressors.

Ideology was the main source of conflict between the USA and USSR.
This difference in ideology led inevitably to distrust between the two
superpowers. The USSR believed in a state controlled economy which
discouraged free enterprise, antithesis of America's economic system;
the encouragement of free enterprise and the privatization of
industry. Thus, the divergent economic structures of the superpowers
painted different perspectives, which inevitably sowed the seeds for
further conflict between the USA and USSR.

The conferences between the USA and USSR up until 1945 showed the
various disagreements between the USA and USSR. These conferences were
held in Tehran in December 1945, Yalta in February 1945 and Potsdam in
July 1945. The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the
future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist
continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism
and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again.

While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for
millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he
actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic
misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as
well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged
in a world-wide conspiracy to spread communism in preparation for
taking over the world. Stalin only wanted to prevent the recurrence of
WWII surfacing again. Thus, Stalin embarked on a program to build a
'buffer zone' to safeguard the USSR. This meant that the Eastern
Nations were to be 'satellites' for the USSR. America
mis-interpertated this as first signs of Stalin's desire to conquer
the world. Therefore, America began to be afraid and began seeking
drastic measures such as rebuilding Germany as a buffer zone against
Soviet influence.

America's mis-interpretation of Stalin's actions led America and its
Allies to be afraid. The fear was seen with Churchill's famous 'Iron
Curtain Speech' where he stresses for a joint Anglo-American alliance
against the USSR. America rejected the idea but the end result further
strained relations between America and the USSR, which the USSR
responded to Churchill's Speech 'Capitalist impearilism is a call for
a war on the USSR'. Thus, America begins using methods to 'contain'
Soviet influence.

By 1946 the Americans started to adopt the policy of 'containment'. On
March 12, 1947, President Truman gave an address to Congress that

Find Another Essay On American Communist Containment Policy 1945-1953

American Strategies for Fighting the Cold War

1424 words - 6 pages Department position. To keep communism from spreading and to stop feeding the Soviet people's fears, Kennan proposed a containment policy. President Truman approved of the containment policy and containment became the basis for all U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War. The Truman Doctrine was the fist major application of containment. The Truman Doctrine was American support for free peoples who were resisting armed minorities or outside pressures

Cold War Essay

1058 words - 4 pages the Korean War (1950-1953) and the Vietnam War (1959-1975) that involved Soviet backed governments attempting to conquer other non-communist governments that eventually were supported by the United States. The foreign policy of the United States during the Cold War was driven by a fear of the spread of communism. Eastern Europe had fallen under the domination of the Communist USSR, and China was ruled by Communists. United States policy makers

Aftermath of World War II

1029 words - 4 pages Soviet blockade of Berlin in 1948 allowed containment of the Soviet Union thus allowing a formal American policy to me made. Additional conflict over Germany resulted when the Soviets dismantled and detached many of Germany's factories to their land because the Union completely lacked technology. At this time the reestablishment of the German Communist Party further endangered the Western powers. These powers were leery of any military hostility

Why did the United States adopt a policy of containment?

1825 words - 7 pages the containment policy are to be found towards the end of the Second World War. Despite a wartime alliance between the two nations, inevitable disagreements arose due to the competing strategies put forward over the post - war future of Europe. The most significant of these was during meetings between the allied leaders at Yalta in February 1945 and Potsdam in July 1945.During Yalta a major dispute between the two nations occurred over the

The cold war

2499 words - 10 pages expansionism and the danger of a more and more geographically important communist bloc, to which Americans answered by the containment. To sum up it appears that between 1945 and 1989, the balance of power was polarised between the two great winners of the Second World War, the United-States and the Union of Socialist Republic. Their respective ideologies could not coexist and it is logically that strategies such as expansionism for the USSR

The Fear of Communism in the Years of 1945 to 1954

1081 words - 4 pages The Fear of Communism in the Years of 1945 to 1954 After world war two there was a steady build up of tension between the United States of America and the Soviet Union, which grew to such a level that the hostility grew to just short of military action. This period, known as the cold war was a large factor in causing the paranoia over communism in the USA. The Soviet Union was a communist country and historically

the cold war

1111 words - 4 pages committed itself to containing any further expansion of Soviet power. While a political doctrine, containment resulted in American military intervention all over the world. Most notably, the Korean and Vietnam Wars were fought to stop the spread of communism in Asia and each led to the deaths of thousands of American soldiers. The U.S. was so dedicated to its containment policy that it occasionally abandoned its ideals of self-determination and backed

Cold War

3564 words - 14 pages USSR become rivals in 1945? • What were the major events of the period 1945-49? • What was a Superpower? • What were the main causes of Superpower rivalry between the USSR and the USA in 1945? • Was this a period of expansion or containment? • Was the Marshall Plan an example of American generosity or a sinister attempt to control Europe? • Was Stalin right to refuse American aid? • Why could the USSR not offer

The Containment Policy

1607 words - 6 pages correspondingly put the Containment Policy into operation. The Containment Policy was adapted as the American foreign policy and sought to discontinue the expansion and influence of Communism by creating strategic alliances or supporting states in areas of aggression. The first application of the Containment Policy was in the Truman Doctrine of 1949, a request to Congress to provide assistance to Greece and Turkey and support any country resisting outside

How far should the outcome of the Korean War be seen as a triumph for the USA? (do mind the sp mistakes my spell check wasn't working!)

965 words - 4 pages negative consequences for the USA as containment, a policy to halt the extension of communism by containing it in North Korea was achieved, and South Korea was liberated from communism. By their involvement in the Korean War America demonstrated they would not stand by whilst communism expanded, they proved they would help countries against communism and thus seemed loyal and reinforced their image of being against communism. But containment took a

Foreign Policy between Truman and Reagan.

993 words - 4 pages Reagan was elected on a strong anti-Soviet stance. A decade later, he had overseen the end of the Cold War. This discussion assesses the foreign policy of these two presidents and compares and contrasts the shifts during their time in office.Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States from 1945 to 1953. Truman was in office for two terms. He became president on April 12, 1945 when Franklin D. Roosevelt died. While in office for

Similar Essays

American Foreign Policy 1945 2005 Essay

1060 words - 4 pages Once the U.S. dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945, it was clear that the U.S. was a major force in international affairs. Since that time, the U.S. has had some successes and some failures in its international affairs. Following World War II, the U.S. was in constant struggle against the communist nation of the USSR. Our first major success against the Soviet Union was the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Had the U.S. not

Is American Foreign Policy In The Middle East From 1945 2003 Driven By Their Desire For Oil?

2223 words - 9 pages American foreign policy became shaped by its dependence on imported oil and thus not by the idea of spreading democratic ideology in the Middle East region. This essay will look into causes and assumptions of why the Iraq invasion by the US took place. It will also examine America’s shifting relationship with Saudi Arabia and growing connection with Israel that damaged the relations with Iran. The Iraq War: simple thirst for oil? On March 20th

Assess The Impact Of The Early Crisis In The Development Of The Cold War To 1953

1339 words - 6 pages United States came to the aid of South Korea and entered the Korean War, in response to the added pressure on America presidents following China’s conversion to Communism as well as the Containment policy. Beginning in 1950 and ending in July 1953, The Korean War had a significant impact on the development of the Cold War in its early stages and in the tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union. Often labelled as the ‘forgotten war

The Containment Theory. Essay

508 words - 2 pages the Truman Doctrine of 1947, which guaranteed immediate economic and military aid to Greece and Turkey. John Lewis Gaddis has argued that all post-1945 U.S. foreign policy doctrines and concepts were in some way "Strategies of Containment." How was the concept of containment developed you may ask? For Kennan containment was a political concept. As a strategy, containment sought to achieve three goals: the restoration of the balance of power in