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American History: Bloodiest Battle Of The Civil War In South Carolina

1454 words - 6 pages

South Carolina was an important key player during the Civil War. South Carolina had major military and political importance throughout the Civil War. South Carolina was the battleground of many significant events during this time. Such as the capture of Port Royal, the Union blockade of Charleston, Sherman's march through the state, the burning of Columbia, and Fort Sumter.
South Carolina had many important battles fought on its territory, Fort Sumter. Fort Sumter is an island in the Charleston Harbor, its main purpose for being built was to protect the harbor. The Confederacy felt like the Charleston harbor would be a key port in this area. When the first shots were fired, at Fort Sumter, ...view middle of the document...

The Union were stocking up the forts, then the South fired on them and the war had begun.
Just a few days after the defeat of Fort Sumter, Abraham Lincoln declared there be a blockade around all the Southern ports. In October, Du Pont assembled his fleet of 75 ships to try and capture Port Royal Sound. The Port was surrounded on either side by Fort Beauregard and Fort Walker in Hilton Head. The Union needed Port Royal as a home for their ships. The union were planning to attack the confederacy by ships to capture Port Royal sound for their ships. Du Pont led his ships right in between the forts, when the Union began to attack the confederacy dropped everything to try to fight off the Union ships. They circled the sound around and went from attacking Fort Walker then Fort Beauregard. The confederacy did not stand a chance against the Unions canons, the Southerners were very inexperienced with weapons and they struggled to hit the moving ships on water. The North had been much more industrialized with their weapons and had more experience with the weapons. The ships had no problem attacking the forts with their canons and artillery. The union then fled on to the land and took over Beaufort and all of its ports. The North was overjoyed with their victory and they hired the salves left behind to work the plantations and raising cotton.
The Union blockade of the southern states was a very significant part of the Confederates surrender in the war. The Union blockade of Charleston was used to stop all imports and exports coming and going from the Charleston harbor. The people of the North were starting to lose faith in winning the War because so far in the war The South was ahead. The Union blockade of Charleston was operation by Edward Teach (Blackbeard) and his crew to where he took over the Charleston Harbor. The ships had been ransacking ships leaving the Charleston harbor. Teach’s crew was very ill and there ship had run out of supplies and medicine they needed. They desperately needed medicine or they would all die and not be able to move forward on their journey. His crew guarded the coast not letting any cargo ships pass into the harbor. Teach went to the Charleston people and asked if he could us there medicine to heal his crew, they refused. He knew Charleston was very big port city, and he and his crew invaded all coming cargo ships. All the crew from the cargo ships were held hostage by Teach and his crew, until the Charleston people agreed to give them the medicine they needed. The people of Charleston would not give into Teach's demands until he threatened that he would kill the hostages. The people then gave in and gave Teach and his crew the medicine and supplies they needed. After Teach had given his troops the medicine the needed they left the harbor and retreated from the coast.
William Tecumseh Sherman was the general of the Union troops in 1864. Sherman's march through South Carolina began in January of 1865. He was the leader...

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